Kenyan government officials are working to abolish the nation's death penalty and replace the punishment with life in prison. The recommendation is currently under review by Kenya's constitutional review conference, a body comprised of members of parliament, professional bodies and religious and civic leaders. Kenya has not had an execution since 1987, but 2,618 people remain on the nation's death row.
In a decision vacating the death penalty for Nebraska death row inmate Charles Jess Palmer, U.S. District Court Judge Joseph Bataillon declared that electrocution is unconstitutional. Bataillon wrote, "In light of evidence and evolving standards of decency, the court would find that a death penalty sentence imposed on a defendant in a state that provides electrocution as its only method of execution is an unnecessary and wanton infliction of pain." Nebraska is the only state that maintains electrocution as its sole method of execution. Bataillon's ruling also stated that the U.S.
The most recent edition of The Angolite, a bimonthly magazine produced by inmates at Louisiana's Angola State Penitentiary, focuses on the Texas death penalty. The publication's feature article, "If Not For Texas," is an overview of capital punishment in Texas compared to other states and to national death penalty developments. The high number of executions in Texas, inadequate representation, innocence, juveniles, race, victims' families, the mentally retarded, and women on death row are among the topics discussed.
Amnesty International members around the world are observing the organization's inaugural World Day Against the Death Penalty. The October 10, 2003, observance includes activities sponsored in conjunction with the World Coalition Against the Death Penalty. In addition to an Internet demonstration for all countries that still practice the death penalty demanding the immediate end to all executions, the day's events will include debates, lectures, and demonstrations to raise public awareness and promote change.
A growing number of medical and legal experts are warning that the chemical pancuronium bromide, a commonly used lethal injection drug, could leave a wide-awake inmate unable to speak or cry out as he slowly suffocates. Advances in medicine have found that the drug, used by executioners to paralyze the skeletal muscles while not affecting the body's brain or nerves, can mask severe suffering.
When New Jersey enacted its death penalty law in 1982, it established a special unit of lawyers and experts for defendants facing capital charges. After two decades, the state has 14 individuals on death row. In contrast, when Pennsylvania enacted its death penalty law, the state failed to establish a similar system for assistance. For Pennsylvania, a state of comparable population to New Jersey, the result of this decision has been a death row population of 237 and a capital punishment system that is plagued by evidence of inadequate representation.