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COSTS: Indiana Spends Millions on Death Penalty But Prosecutors Unsure of Its Future

Posted: November 22, 2004
According to a recent news report, Indiana taxpayers spend millions of dollars to send dozens of people to death row, but more than half of those sentenced have had their convictions overturned or their sentences vacated. In addition, the rising costs of the death penalty have resulted in a more arbitrary application of capital punishment due to funding constraints in certain rural counties, a fact that has many state residents questioning the punishment's true value. Defense expenses in capital trials can cost the state more than $500,000 per case, and that
 

Conservative Support Moves Ohio Death Penalty Study Bill

Posted: November 17, 2004
With bipartisan support, Ohio's House of Representatives passed a bill to create an 18-member committee to conduct an exhaustive study of capital punishment in the state. Under the bill, which passed by a vote of 64-30 in the Republican-controlled House, the committee would examine all capital trials since the state reinstated the punishment in 1981. The committee would examine issues such as race, gender, and the economic status of defendants and their victims. It would also investigate whether death row inmates receive adequate legal counsel, whether capital cases are
 

NEW VOICES: Former Missouri Chief Justice Reiterates His Concerns about Capital Punishment

Posted: November 17, 2004
Former Missouri Supreme Court Chief Justice Charles Blackmar recently reiterated his opposition to the death penalty and his concerns about wrongful convictions, noting that the exoneration of Missouri death row inmate Joseph Amrine "makes me wonder how many people there are who were wrongfully convicted." Amrine spent 26 years in prison, 17 of them on death row, before his conviction was overturned and he was released in July 2003. "The lesson is that people were persuaded eventually that he was innocent. But there are a fair number
 

NEW RESOURCE: The American Prospect Issues Special Report on U.S. Human Rights

Posted: November 16, 2004
The latest edition of The American Prospect features a series of articles by prominent writers and human rights leaders regarding the effect of the international movement for human rights on the U.S. Two of the articles highlight U.S. death penalty policies. Yale Law School Dean Harold Hongju Koh points out the conflict between the U.S.'s efforts to support international human rights and our domestic practices such as the use of the juvenile death penalty. "In my view, by far the most dangerous and destructive form of American
 

Justice Department Releases "Capital Punishment, 2003"

Posted: November 12, 2004

Mirroring statistics released this year in the Death Penalty Information Center's Innocence Report, the Justice Department's Capital Punishment, 2003 revealed that the nation's death row is continuing to decline and that the amount of time between death sentencing and execution has increased. Compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the report noted that 3,374 inmates were on death row at the conclusion of 2003, 188 fewer than a year earlier.

 

Inmate Exonerated of Murder After His Death; Co-Defendant Who Had Been Given Death Sentence Exonerated Earlier

Posted: November 9, 2004
A murder charge against Louis Greco was finally dismissed by Massachusetts authorities 9 years after he died in prison. According to the Associated Press, in 2000, a Justice Department task force uncovered secret F.B.I. memoranda showing that Mr. Greco and three co-defendants, Peter J. Limone, Joseph Salvati, and Edward Tameleo, had been wrongly convicted of a murder that occurred in 1965 based on perjured testimony. (Limone had been sentenced to death, but was later released and exonerated in 2001.
 

NEW RESOURCE: Capital Punishment Research Initiative

Posted: November 5, 2004
Based at the State University of New York's Albany campus, the Capital Punishment Research Initiative (CPRI) is dedicated to conducting and supporting empirical and historical studies of the death penalty. CPRI research is conducted by the University's graduate students and professors, as well as by collaborating researchers from around the country. The center's current projects include:

  • Capital Jury Project II - Research on the decision-making of capital jurors. This research draws on the literature concerning cognitive schema, identification and empathy, the
 

NEW RESOURCE: New York's Wrongful Convictions

Posted: November 4, 2004
Scott Christianson's new book, Innocent: Inside Wrongful Conviction Cases, examines mistakes in New York's criminal justice system with an emphasis on mistaken identifications, perjury by eyewitnesses, ineffective counsel, false confessions, and police and prosecutorial misconduct. The book includes a log of the state's wrongful conviction cases, including some capital cases. Christianson reminds readers, "Unfortunately, not much is known about the current nature and extent of wrongful conviction. The state does not maintain a master list of its mistakes." He does
 

Juveniles and the Mentally Disabled More Likely to Give False Confessions

Posted: November 4, 2004
Studies and surveys have found that both minors and the mentally impaired are more likely to make false confessions, in part because they are more vulnerable to suggestion. A recent study conducted by Northwestern University law professor Steve Drizin and UC Irvine criminologist Richard Leo examined 125 cases in which individuals were exonerated after giving false confessions. The researchers found that 32% of the cases involved minors and 22% of the cases involved individuals with mental retardation. "They are more likely to go along,
 

NY Times Magazine Article on the Science of Adolescent Brain Development

Posted: November 4, 2004
As the U.S. Supreme Court considers Roper v. Simmons, a case that will determine the constitutionality of executing juvenile offenders, new scientific research continues to emerge regarding the brain development of those under 18 years of age. New MRI-based research has shown that the brain continues to develop and mature into the mid-20's, and that prior to the completion of this process, adolescents use their brains in different ways than adults. For example, teens often operate from a more instinctual and reflexive part
 

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