Executions in the Military

In December 2003, a document was discovered at the Pentagon that listed the executions under United States military jurisdiction from 1945 through 1961. The handwritten list, entitled "Executed Death Cases Before 1951," was discovered behind a filing cabinet during a cleanup of offices. DPIC obtained the list from the Associated Press and a transcribed version is presented below. Due to the quality of the original copies, some of the entries are uncertain and we have noted them accordingly. Some updates have been made as new research comes to light, these updates are marked with a ^. These were found due to the research efforts of Terese Svoboda. 

 



*Starred dates and names indicate that the original was only partly legible.
** National Archives (I) - Records of Far East Command,  Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers and United Nations Command 1945 - 1957, Provost Marshall Section,  Reg 554, Stack 290, Rm 50, Comp 7, Shelf 3, Entry 156. 
National Archives (II) - Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, Reg 331, Stack 290, Rm 9, Comp 31, Shelf 1, File: "Execution Report."  

MILITARY EXECUTIONS, 1945 to 1951
NAME DATE OF EXECUTION METHOD OF EXECUTION ARTICLES of WAR(during WWII) REMARKS
Armistead None Listed None Listed 92-93  
Martinez None Listed None Listed 92-93-69  
^Abney, William  1 December 1947  Hanged 92 Executed at Mandaluyang, Philippines; his information was misfiled with the Japanese prisoners that were executed. Further information was found in the National Archives (II).**
Mickles None Listed Hanged 92-93-69  
Norman None Listed Hanged 92  
Perry, H. 15 March 1945 Shot 64-65-92-58 (To be shot)
^Boston, Jesse D.  1 August 1945 Shot (or Hanged)  92 (To be shot) Further information was found in the National Archives (II).** The information in the National Archives infers that Boston was hanged, which conflicts with the information in the original list. 
Leatherberry 16 March 1944 None Listed 92-93  
Martinez, Anjerto* 15 January 1945 None Listed 92  
Williams, Ellsworth 5 January 1946 None Listed 92  
Robinson, Charles M. 28 September 1945 None Listed 92  
Harris 26 May 1944 Hanged  92  
Miranda, Alex F. 30 May 1944 None Listed 92 (German Rape Case)
Rollins, Alvey R. 31 May 1945 None Listed 92  
Philpot, Henry C. 10 September 1945 Hanged 92  
Wray, Robert 20 August 1945 None Listed 92  
Mariano, Blake 10 October 1945 None Listed 92  
Ervin, Charlie Jr. 19 October 1945 None Listed 92  
Spinks, Mansfield 19 October 1945 None Listed 92 (See [Ervin, Charlie])
Betterman, Sidney 15 October 1945 None Listed 92  
Parker, Woodrow 15 October 1945 None Listed 92  
^Harris, Ernest J. 9 August 1945 None Listed 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I).**
^Lee, Dan J.  9 November 1945 Musketry 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Louis, Ozell 15 October 1945 Hanged  92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Thomas, James C. 25 September 1945 Hanged  92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Nichols, Harvey W. 28 October 1945 or 28 August 1945 Hanged  92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).** The information in the National Archives gives a different execution date than the original list. 
^Williams, Albert 28 October 1945 or 28 August 1945 Hanged  92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).** The information in the National Archives gives a different execution date than the original list. 
Waltens 31 August 1945 None Listed 92  
^Walters Jr., Bradley  31 August 1945 Hanged   Walters was not on the original list. His name was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Cornelious, Thomas  1 August 1945 Hanged   Cornelious was not on the original list. His name was found in the National Archives (II).**
^McCloud Jr., Ellis 20 August 1945 Hung  92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Yancy, Waiters* 10 February 1945 None Listed 92-93  
Whitfield, Clarence 14 August 1945 None Listed 92  
Williams, Olins W. 9 March 1945 None Listed 92  
Swalls 29 March 1945 None Listed 92  
Twiggs, James W. 22 January 1945 None Listed 92  
Scott, Richard D. 18 November 1944 None Listed 92-93  
Taylor 20 March 1945 None Listed 92  
Thomas, Madison 12 October 1944 None Listed 92  
Wimberly, Willie Jr. 8 November 1944 None Listed 92-93  
Watson, Joseph 8 November 1944 None Listed 92-93  
Slovik, Eddie 31 January 1945 Shot 85  
Pennyfather, William D. 18 November 1944 None Listed 92  
Smith, George E. Jr. 8 May 1945 None Listed 92  
Pygnte, Benjamin* 28 November 1944 Shot 92  
McGran, Theron W. 20 November 1944 None Listed 92  
McGhee 4 May 1945 None Listed 64-92  
^Pearson, Robert L. 11 March 1945 None Listed 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (II).**
Jones, Cubip* 11 March 1945 None Listed 92  
Jones, Kinney 20 March 1945 None Listed 92  
Jefferies 5 July 1945 None Listed 92-93  
Nelson, Henry W. 5 July 1945 None Listed 92-93  
Jones, John T. 5 July 1945 None Listed 92-93  
Mack, William 15 February 1945 None Listed 92-93  
Mock 20 March 1945 None Listed 92  
McMurray July 1945* Hanged 92  
Till, Louis July 1945* Hanged 92  
McCarter, William May 1945* Hanged 92  
Kluxdal, Paul October 1944* Hanged 92  
Johnson, Willis June 1944* None Listed 92  
Hendricks, James 1944* None Listed 92-93  
Hopper, Benjamin F. 1945* None Listed 92  
Heard, Haze May 1945* None Listed 92  
Newman, Oscar N. November 1944* None Listed 92  
Valentine, Leo Sr. November 1944* None Listed 92  
Holden, Marvin January 1945* None Listed 92-96  
Spencer, Elwood J. January 1945* None Listed 92-96  
Grant, General March 1945* None Listed 61-92  
Green, George Jr. March 1945* None Listed 92  
Baldqwin, Waxter J. January 1945* None Listed 61-92-93  
Agee, Amos March 1945* None Listed 92-93  
Watson, Frank March 1945* None Listed 92-93  
Smith, John C. March 1945* None Listed 92-93  
Davidson, Tommie March 1945* None Listed 65-92-96  
Cooper, John D. 1945* None Listed 92-93-96  
Wilson, J.P. 1945* None Listed 92-93-96  
Guetha, Augustine* January 1945* None Listed 92  
Gordon, Tom E. July 1945* None Listed 92-93-96  
Davis, Arthur E. 1944* None Listed 92-93-96  
Jordan, Charles H. 1944* None Listed 92-93-96  
Clark, Ernest L. January 1945* None Listed 92  
^Curry, William T.  20 April 1945 Hanged  92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Clay, Matthew Jr. June 1945* None Listed 92-93  
Crews 1945* None Listed 92  
Bailey, Mileert* 18 April 1945 Hanged 92  
Jones, James L. 18 April 1945 Hanged 92  
Williams, Jewin* 18 April 1945 Hanged 92  
Ferrell, Arthur J. 18 January 1945 Hanged 92  
Senders, James B.* 25 October 1944 None Listed 92-96  
Anderson, Ray W. 25 October, 1944 None Listed 92-96  
Downes, William C. February 1945* None Listed 92-93  
Davis, William E. December 1944* None Listed 92-93  
^Crabtree, Harold  18 March 1945 Musketry 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Gibson 24 September 1945 Shot 58-69-92  
^Baker, Henry 18 March 1945 Hanged 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Harrison March 1945* Hanged 92  
Reid August 1945* Hanged 92  
Hawthorne, Samuel  29 January 1945 Hanged 92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Stevenson None Listed Hanged 92  
Kendrick July 1943* Hanged 92-93  
Davis August 1945* Hanged 61-92-93  
Boswell April 1945* Hanged 92-93  
Thomas April 1945* Hanged 92-93  
Gill April 1945* Hanged 92-93  
Jones 1944* Hanged 92-93  
Smith September 1943* Hanged 92  
^Leonski, Edward J.  4 November 1942 Hanged 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (II).**
^Fernandez, Ajelino 20 November 1944 Hanged 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Brown, Arthur T.  2 October 1944 Hanged 66-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Gibson, Andrew 2 October 1944 Hanged 66-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I).**
^Greene, LeRoy E. 2 October 1944 Hanged 66-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Horn, Charles A.  2 October 1944 Hanged 66-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
^Washington, Eugene A.  2 October 1944 Hanged 66-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Thomas 1 August 1945 Hanged 92  
Watson 29 August 1944 Hanged 92-93  
^White, Lloyd L. 2 October 1944 Hanged 64-92-93 Further information was found in the National Archives (I) and (II).**
Fischer, Helmut 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Franke, Fritz 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Kuelsen, Guenther 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Ludwig, Heinrich 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Reyak, Bernard 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Stengel, Otto 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Wizoy, Role 28 July 1945 Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Richie 21 April 1945 Hanged 92-93  
Donnelly 31 May 1945 Hanged 58-92  
^Peoples, James W.  2 September 1944 Hanged 92 Further information was found in the National Archives (II).**
Gauss, Erick 1945* Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Straub, Rudolph 1945* Hanged 92 P.O.W.
Pearson 20 March 1945 Hanged 92  
Williams 18 December 1944 Hanged 92  
Davis 5 January 1945 Hanged 92  
Davis, Lee A. 14 December 1945 Hanged 92  
Smith 25 June 1943 Hanged 69-92  
Waters 10 February 1944 Hanged 86-92-96  
Cobb 12 March 1943* Hanged 92  
O'Conner 15 January 1945 Hanged 58-92-93-94  
Hurse 20 September 1945 Hanged 92-93  
Beshense 5 July 1945 Hanged 69-92-93-96  
List 5 July 1945 Hanged 69-92-93-96  
Davidson 5 July 1945 Shot 92  
Reichl* 2 August 1945 Hanged 92  
Bell 31 January 1944 Hanged 92  
Beyer, Walter 1944* Hanged 89-92 P.O.W.
Seidel, Berthold 1944* Hanged 89-92 P.O.W.
Demme, Hans 1944* Hanged 89-92 P.O.W.
Schomer, Hans 1944* Hanged 89-92 P.O.W.
Scholz, Willie 1944* Hanged 89-92 P.O.W.
Beven 26 September, 1944 None Listed 58-92  
Brandon 26 January 1943 Hanged 92-93  
Bohn July 1943* Hanged 92-93  
Knapp 19 March 1943 Hanged 92-93  
Line None Listed Hanged 92  
Sykes 19 January 1943 Hanged 92  
Rowe 17 October 1942 None Listed 92  

*Starred dates and names indicate that the original was only partly legible.
** National Archives (I) - Records of Far East Command,  Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers and United Nations Command 1945 - 1957, Provost Marshall Section,  Reg 554, Stack 290, Rm 50, Comp 7, Shelf 3, Entry 156. 
National Archives (II) - Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, Reg 331, Stack 290, Rm 9, Comp 31, Shelf 1, File: "Execution Report." 


MILITARY EXECUTIONS AFTER 1951
NAME DATE SENTENCED DATE OF EXECUTION OFFENSES
Bennett, John A. 8 Feb. 1955 13 Apr. 1961 (by hanging) Rape, Attempted Murder (Premeditated)
Moore, Winfred D. 19 Aug. 1953 14 Feb. 1957 Murder(*), Assault w/intent to commit robbery
Thomas, Abraham 15 Apr. 1954 8 Feb. 1957 Murder-Premeditated (4 Spec. [counts])
Edwards, Thomas J. 1 Apr. 1953 14 Feb. 1957 Murder-Premeditated
Ranson, Ernest L. 5 Jun. 1953 3 Apr. 1957 Lifting weapon against superior officer, Murder-Premeditated, Rape, Robbery, Assault with dangerous weapon (2 Spec. [counts])
O'Brien, Bernard J. 19 Jun. 1952 31 Jul. 1954 Murder-Premeditated
Day, John E. Jr. 1 Oct. 1951 23 Sep. 1959 Murder, Premeditated assault w/attempt to do bodily harm w/dangerous weapon, assault
Beverly, Chastine 10 Oct. 1951 1 Mar. 1955 Robbery, Murder-Premeditated, Robbery
Suttles, Louis M. 10 Oct. 1951 1 Mar. 1955 Robbery, Murder-Premeditated, Robbery
Riggins, James L. 10 Oct. 1951 1 Mar. 1955 Robbery, Murder-Premeditated, Robbery
Executions after 1951 were listed as a supplement to the original handwritten list, under the heading "Death Sentence Ledger"


Copies of the original documents can be found here.

Additional information: From a Congressional report: "During the period December 7, 1941, to February 22, 1946, 141 death sentences adjudged by Army courts martial were carried into execution; 71 for murder, 51 for rape, 18 for murder and rape, 1 for desertion."

INVESTIGATIONS OF THE NATIONAL WAR EFFORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS, SECOND SESSION
PURSUANT TO H. Res. 20 A RESOLUTION AUTHORIZING THE COMMITTEE ON MILITARY AFFAIRS TO STUDY THE PROGRESS OF THE NATIONAL WAR EFFORT
(June 1946, at p.3).

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