Law Review & Journal Articles on the Death Penalty

Law Reviews and Journal Articles

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Previous Years - Articles by Topic:
Alternatives
Arbitrariness
Clemency
Constitutionality
Costs
Deterrence
Due Process
Federal habeas corpus
Foreign nationals
General
Innocence
Juries
Juveniles
Intellectual Disability
Methods of execution
Mitigation
Moral issues
Opinion/ views

Politics
Race
Religion
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State habeas reviews
State specific
Supreme Court
Terrorism
Women

 Research on the Death Penalty - A collection of research that has been done on capital punishment, sorted by category.

 


Although DPIC can not provide copies of references listed, some may be found online at FindLaw.com

 Alternatives


Acker, James, et. al., "The Empire Strikes Back: Examining Death-and Life-qualification of Jurors and Sentencing Alternatives Under New York's Capital Punishment Law," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 49 (1999)

Bedau, Hugo Adam: "Imprisonment vs. death: Does avoiding Schwarzschild's paradox lead to Sheleff's dilemma?"; 54 Albany Law Review 481 (1990)

Lane, J. Mark: "Is there life without parole? A capital defendant's right to a meaningful alternative sentence"; 26 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 327 (1993)

Marquart, James W. and Sorensen, Jonathan R.: "Institutional and postrelease behaviour of furman-commuted inmates in Texas"; 26 Criminology 677 (1988)

Marquart, James W. and Sorensen, Jonathan R.: "A national study of the Furman-commuted inmates: addressing the threat to society from capital offenders"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 5 (1989)


Arbitrariness


Baldus, David et al.: "Arbitrariness and discrimination in the administration of the death penalty: a challenge to state supreme courts"; 15 Stetson Law Review 133 (1986)

Berger, Vivian: "Born-again death"; 87 Columbia Law Review 1301 (1987)

Berger, Vivian: ""Black box decisions" on life or death - if they're arbitrary, don't blame the jury: a reply to Judge Patrick Higginbotham"; 41 Case Western Reserve Law Review 1067 (1991)

Berger, Vivian: "Payne and suffering - a personal reflection and a victim-centered critique"; 20 Florida State University Law Review 21 (1992)

Burkhead, Michael and Luginbuhl, James: "Sources of bias and arbitrariness in the capital trial"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 103 (1994)

Gross, Samuel R., "Still Unfair, Still Arbitrary - But Do We Care?" Keynote Address, 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 517 (2000)

Lofquist, William, "Putting Them There, Keeping Them There, and Killing Them: An Analysis of State-Level Variations in Death Penalty Intensity," 87 Iowa Law Review 1505 (2002). The article compares the various states' use of the death penalty and scales their intensity in terms of death sentences, appellate reversals, and executions. It also explores capital punishment as it relates to state welfare and social policies.

Martin, Earl F.,"Tessie Hutchinson and the American System of Capital Punishment" 59 Maryland Law Review 553 (2000).

Radelet, Michael, et. al., 7 Univ. of Colorado Law Review 549 (2006).

Songer, M. and Unah, I. "The Effect of Race, Gender, and Location on Prosecutorial Decision to Seek the Death Penalty in South Carolina," 58 S. Carolina Law Rev. (Nov. 2006)

Steiner, Ben, "Still Arbitrary: Capital Sentencing in the Post-Furman Era," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 85 (1999)

Symposium: Robert Blecker, Jeffrey Kirchmeier, the Honorable William Erlbaum, David Von Drehle, and Jeffrey Fagan: "Rethinking the Death Penalty: Can We Define Who Deserves Death?" - 24 Pace Law Review 107 (2003)

Symposium: Stephen B. Bright, Norman Greene, Gerald B. Lefcourt, Michael G. Millman, Norman Redlich, Bryan Stevenson, Ronald J. Tabak: "The O. J. Simpson case and capital punishment"; 38 Howard Law Journal 247 (1995)

Tabak, Ronald J.: "The death of fairness: the arbitrary and capricious imposition of the death penalty in the 1980s"; 14 Review of Law and Social Change 797 (1986)

Vitiello, Michael: "Payne vs. Tennessee: a "stunning ipse dixit""; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 165 (1994)


 Clemency


James R. Acker and Charles S. Lanier: "May God - or the Governor - Have Mercy: Executive Clemency and Executions in Modern Death-Penalty Systems," 36 Criminal Law Bulletin 200 (2000)

Bedau, Hugo Adam: "A retributive theory of the pardoning power?"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 185 (1993)

Breslin, Beau and Howley, John J.P., "Defending the Politics of Clemency," 81 Oregon Law Review 231 (2002)

Jorgensen, James N.: "Federal executive clemency power: the President's prerogative to escape accountability"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 345 (1993)

Kobil, Daniel T.: "Due process in death penalty commutations: life, liberty and the pursuit of clemency"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 201 (1993)

Ledewitz, Bruce and Staples, Scott: "The role of executive clemency in modern death penalty cases"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 227 (1993)

Love, Margaret Colgate, "Of Pardons, Politics and Collar Buttons: Reflections on the President's Duty to be Merciful," 27 Fordham Urban Law Journal 1483 (2000)

Moore, Kathleen Dean: "Pardon for good and sufficient reasons"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 281 (1993)

Palacios, Vicotria J.: "Faith in fantasy: the Supreme Court's reliance on commutation to ensure justice in death penalty cases"; 49 Vanderbilt Law Review 311 (1996)

Radelet, Michael L. and Zsembik, Barbara A.: "Executive clemency in post-Furman capital cases"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 289 (1993)

Schumacher, Daryl M.: "Intruders at the Death House: limiting third-party intervention in executive clemency"; 30 The John Marshall Law Review 567 (1997)


 Constitutionality


Bandes, Susan: "Simple murder: a comment on the legality of executing the innocent"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 501 (1996)

Bedau, Hugo Adam: "Interpreting the Eighth Amendment: principled vs. populist strategies"; 13 Thomas M. Cooley Law Review 789 (1996)

D’Avella, Joanna H. DEATH ROW FOR CHILD RAPE? CRUEL AND UNUSUAL PUNISHMENT UNDER THE ROPER-ATKINS "EVOLVING STANDARDS OF DECENCY" FRAMEWORK, 92 Cornell Law Review 129 (2006) (available at http:organizations.lawschool.cornell.edu/clr/92_1/davella/92-1.pdf).

Laurence, Michael and Sevilla, Charles M.: "Thoughts on the cause of the present discontents : the death penalty cases of Robert Alton Harris"; 40 UCLA Law Review 345 (1992)

Ledewitz, Bruce: "Could the death penalty be a cruel punishment?"; 3 Widener Journal of Public Law 121 (1993)

Marinello, Joseph R.: "The death penalty and pre-trial publicity: Are today's attempts at guaranteeing a fair trial adequate?"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 371 (1994)

Symposium: Robert Blecker, Jeffrey Kirchmeier, the Honorable William Erlbaum, David Von Drehle, and Jeffrey Fagan: "Rethinking the Death Penalty: Can We Define Who Deserves Death?" - 24 Pace Law Review 107 (2003)

Steiker, Carol and Steiker, Jordan: "Sober second thoughts: reflections on two decades of constitutional regulation of capital punishment"; 109 Harvard Law Review 355 (1995)


Costs


Bright, Stephen B.: "The death penalty as the answer to crime: costly, counterproductive and corrupting"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 1211 (1995)

 Dieter, Richard C.: "What politicians don't say about the high costs of the death penalty"; 1 Studies in Prolife Feminism 11 (1995)

Spangenberg, Robert L. and Walsh, Elizabeth: "Capital punishment or life imprisonment? Some cost considerations"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 45 (1989)


Deterrence


Albert, Craig J.: "Challenging Deterrence: New Insights on Capital Punishment Derived from Panel Data"; 60 University of Pittsburgh Law Review321 (1999).

Bailey, William C. and Peterson, Ruth D.: "Murder, capital punishment, and deterrence: a review of the evidence and an examination of police killings"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 53 (1994)

Donohue, John J. and Justin Wolfers: 58 Stanford Law Review 791 (2005).

Fox, James Alan and Radelet, Michael L.: "Persistent flaws in econometric studies of the deterrent effect of the death penalty"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 29 (1989)

Haney, Craig and Logan, Deana Dorman: "Broken promise: the Supreme Court's response to social science research on capital punishment"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 75 (1994)

Mignon, Sylvia I. and Holmes, William M., "Police Recruits' Attitudes Toward the Death Penalty," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 29 (1999)

Weisberg, Robert, "The Death Penalty Meets Social Science: Deterrence and Jury Behavior Under New Scrutiny," 1 Annual Review of Law and Social Science 151 (2005).


Due Process


Alarcon, Arthur L. "Remedies for California's Death Row Deadlock," Southern California Law Review Vol 80:697 (2007).

Symposium: "Pro Se Litigation Ten Years After AEDPA," 41 Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review 289 (2006).
P. White, "'He Said,' 'She Said,' and Issues of Life and Death: The Right to Confrontation at Capital Sentencing Proceedings," 19 Regent University Law Review 387 (2007)

 Bilionis, Louis D.: "Eighth Amendment Meanings from the ABA's Moratorium Resolution"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 29 (1998)

Bright, Stephen B.: "The American Bar Association's recognition of the sacrifice of fairness for results: will we pay the price of justice?"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 183 (1996)

Coyne, Randall and Entzeroth, Lyn: "Report regarding implementation of the American Bar Association's recommendations and resolutions concerning the death penalty and calling for a moratorium on executions"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 3 (1996)

Sarat, Austin: "Recapturing the Spirit of Furman: The American Bar Association and the New Abolitionist Politics"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 5 (1998)

Tabak, Ronald J.: "Why the ABA opposes unjust executions"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 181 (1996)


Federal Death Penalty


Little, Rory K., "The Future of the Federal Death Penalty" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 529 (2000)

M. Mannheimer, "When the Federal Death Penalty is 'Cruel and Unusual,'" 74 U. of Cincinnati Law Review 819 (2006)). Read the full article HERE.


Federal Habeas Corpus


Blaustein, Susan: "Habeas corpse"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 25 (1995)

Boaz, Julia E.: "Summary process and the rule of law: expediting death penalty cases in the federal courts"; 95 The Yale Law Journal 349 (1985)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Is fairness irrelevant? The evisceration of federal habeas corpus reviewand limits on the ability of state courts to protect fundamental rights"; 54 Washington and Lee Law Review 1 (1997)

Bureau of Justice Statistics, ed.: "Challenging state court criminal convictions"; Federal Habeas Corpus Review 1 (1995)

Duffy, Donna and Mello, Michael: "Suspending justice: the unconstitutionality of the proposed six-month time limit on the filing of habeas corpus petitions by state death row inmates"; 18 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 451 (1990-1991)

Faust, Richard et al.: "The great writ in action: empirical light on the federal habeas corpus debate"; 18 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 637 (1990-1991)

Foley, Timothy J.: "The new arbitrariness: procedural default of federal habeas corpus claims in capital cases"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 193 (1989)

Freedman, Eric M.: "The suspension clause in the ratification debates"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 451 (1996)

Krotoski, Mark L. and Lungren, Daniel E.: "Public policy lessons from the Robert Alton Harris case"; 40 UCLA Law Review 295 (1992)

Lane, J. Mark and Tabak, Ronald J.: "Judicial activism and legislative "reform" of federal habeas corpus: a critical analysis of recent developments and current proposals"; 55 Albany Law Review 1 (1991)

Liebman, James S. and Ryan, William F.: ""Some effectual power": the quantity and quality of decisionmaking that article III and the Supremacy Clause demand of the federal courts"; 98 Columbia Law Review 696 (1998)

Lyon, Andrea D.: "New opportunities for defense attorneys: how record preservation requirements after the new habeas bill require extensive and exciting trial preparation"; 30 The John Marshall Law Review 389 (1997)

Morris, Jr., John B.: "The rush to execution: successive habeas corpus petitions in capital cases"; 95 The Yale Law Journal 371 (1985)

Neuborne, Burt: "The myth of parity"; 90 Harvard Law Review 1105 (1977)

Scheidegger, Kent S.: "Habeas corpus, relitigation, and the legislative power"; 98 Columbia Law Review 888 (1998)

Tabak, Ronald J.: "Habeas corpus as a crucial protector of constitutional rights: a tribute which may also be a eulogy"; 26 Seton Hall Law Review 1477 (1996)

Tabak, Ronald J., ed.: "Dead man walking without due process? A discussion of the Anti-terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996"; Panel members: Susan Cary, Thoams Dunn, Leon Friedman, Mark Olive, Lori Rozsa, Ronald J. Tabak; 23 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 163 (1997)

Tabak, Ronald J., ed.: "Is there any habeas left in this corpus?"; Panel members: Stephen B. Bright, Susan Getzendanner, Scharlette Holdman, Andrea Lyon, E. Michael McCann, Reverend Michael Place, Andrew L. Sonner, Jeffrey Urdangen, Professor Larry Yackle; 27 Loyola University Chicago Law Journal 523 (1996)

Yackle, Larry W.: "A primer on the new habeas corpus statute"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 381 (1996)

Yackle, Larry W.: "The American Bar Association and Federal Habeas Corpus"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 171 (1998)


Foreign Nationals


Kadish, Mark J.: "Article 36 of the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations: a search for the right to consul"; 18 Michigan Journal of International Law 565 (1997)

Quigley, John.: "Execution of foreign nationals in the U.S.: Pressure from foreign governments against the death penalty:; 4 ILSA Journal of International and Comparative Law 589 (1998)


General


 Acker, J.: "Be Careful What You Ask For: Lessons from New York’s Recent Experience with Capital Punishment," 32 Vermont Law Review 683 (2008)

ACLU, ed.: "Death Penalty Q & A"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 31 (1995)

Bader Aldave, Barbara, "Forward: The Future of Capital Punishment in the United States," 81 Oregon Law Review 1 (2002)

Bedau, Hugo Adam: "The death penalty in America"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 13 (1995)

Bienen, Leigh: "What We Write About When We Write About the Death Penalty - A Review of Recent Books and Literature on Capital Punishment"; 89 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 751 (1999)

Bilionis, Louis D., "The Unusualness of Capital Punishment" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 601 (2000)

Black, Charles L.: "The death penalty: a national question"; 18 UC Davis Law Review 867 (1985)

Blankenship, Michael: "Capital Punishment Resources on the Internet," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 119 (1999)

Bohm, Robert M.: "Rejoinder - qualified support for the death penalty: the illusion of hypothetical scenarios"; 6 Justice Quarterly, Academy of Criminal Sciences 197 (1989)

Brennan, Jr., William J.: "Neither victims nor executioners"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 1 (1994)

Costanzo, Mark and White, Lawrence T.: "An overview of the death penalty and capital trials: history, current status, legal procedures, and costs"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 1 (1994)

Crocker, Phyllis L., "Crossing the Line: Rape-Murder and the Death Penalty" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 689 (2000)

Demleitner, Nora V., "The Death Penalty in the United States: Following the European Lead?," 81 Oregon Law Review 131 (2002)

Dieter, Richard: "Secondary smoke surrounds the capital punishment debate"; 13 Criminal Justice Ethics 2 (1994)

Drinan, S.J., Robert F.: "Will Religious Teachings and International Law End Capital Punishment?"; 29 St. Mary's Law Journal 957 (1998)

Dubber, Markus Dirk: "The pain of punishment"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 545 (1996)

Friedrichs, David O.: "Comment - humanism and the death penalty: an alternative perspective"; 6 Justice Quarterly, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 211 (1989)

Gey, Steven G.: "Death is different: or how we stopped worrying and learned to love the chair"; 41 Rutgers Law Review, 451 (1988)

Greenberg, Jack: "Capital punishment as a system"; 91 Yale Law Journal 908 (1982)

Gross, Samuel R.: "The romance of revenge: capital punishment in America"; 13 Studies in Law, Politics, and Society 71 (1993)

Herbert, Bob: "The hanging tree"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 189 (1996)

Hodgkinson, Peter, "Europe- A Death Penalty Free Zone: Commentary and Critique of Abolitionist Strategies" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 625 (2000)

Ingle, Joseph B.: "Final hours: the execution of Velma Barfield"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 221 (1989)

Kannar, George: "Federalizing death"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 325 (1996)

Kreitzberg, Ellen: "Death without justice"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 485 (1995)

Kroll, Michael A.: "Witness to an execution"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 5 (1995)

Lane, J. Mark and Tabak, Ronald J.: "The execution of injustice: a cost and lack-of-benefit analysis of the death penalty"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 59 (1989)

Little, Rory K.: "The Federal Death Penalty: History and Some Thoughts About the Department of Justice's Role," corpse"; 26 Fordham Urban Law Journal 347 (1999)

Logan, Wayne A. "William Mitchell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 12, in WOUNDS THAT DO NOT BIND: VICTIM-BASED PERSPECTIVES ON THE DEATH PENALTY," James R. Acker, David R. Karp, eds., Carolina Academic Press, 2005.

MacArthur, John R.: "The death penalty and the decline of liberalism"; 30 The John Marshall Law Review 321 (1997)

Maroney, Terry A.:"The Struggle Against Hate Crime: Movement at a Crossroads"; 73 New York University Law Review 564 (1998)

Meade, Christopher J.: "Reading death sentences: the narrative construction of capital punishment"; 71 New York University Law Review 732 (1996)

Moore, William Neal: "I shall not die, but live"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 195 (1996)

Pierce Law Review: 6 Pierce Law Review 365 (2008)

Polsby, Daniel D.: "Recontextualizing the context of the death penalty"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 527 (1996)

Prejean, Helen: "Walking on death row"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 9 (1995)

Radelet, Michael L. and Borg, Marian J.: "The Changing Nature of Death Penalty Debates"; 2000 Annual Review Sociology 26 (forthcoming 2000)

Radelet, Michael L. and Vandiver, Margaret: "Capital punishment in America. An annoted bibliography."; Garland Publishing, New York & London, 1988

Steiker, Carol S., "Capital Punishment and American Exceptionalism," 81 Oregon Law Review 97 (2002)

Symposium, "Wrongful Convictions: Issues of Science, Evidence, and Innocence." 70 University of Missouri - Kansas City Law Review 797 (2002)

Symposium, "Learning from the Past, Living in the Present: Understanding Homicide in Chicago, 1870-1930." 92 Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 437 (2002)

Symposium, "Capital Punishment and the Administration of Justice," 147 Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 1 (2003). The American Philosophical Society published text drawn from the Society's 2002 annual meeting focusing on the death penalty, with comments by Professor Emeritus James J. Megivern of the University of North Carolina in Wilmington, and attorneys Ronald Tabak, Bryan Stevenson, and Eleanor Jackson Piel.

Symposium, "Call to Action: A Moratorium on Executions," 4 New York City Law Review 117 (2002). This edition of the New York City Law Review features remarks and discussion from the American Bar Association's October 12, 2000, program at the Carter Center regarding the death penalty and the ABA's call for a moratorium on executions.

Symposium: Joseph M. Bessette, Stephen B. Bright, George H. Kendall, William J. Kunkle, Jr., Carol Steiker and Jordan Steiker: "Reflections on a quarter-century of constitutional regulation of capital punishemnt"; 30 The John Marshall Law Review 399 (1997)

Symposium: Walter Berns, Nancy Bothne, William Bowers, Richard C. Dieter, Richard D. Land, James Lund and Austin Sarat: "The death penalty: a philosophical and theological perspective"; 30 The John Marshall Law Review 463 (1997)

Symposium: Robert Blecker, Jeffrey Kirchmeier, the Honorable William Erlbaum, David Von Drehle, and Jeffrey Fagan: "Rethinking the Death Penalty: Can We Define Who Deserves Death?" - 24 Pace Law Review 107 (2003)

Symposium: Stephen B. Bright, Edward Chikofsky, Laurie Ekstrand, Harriet Ganson, Paul D. Kamenar, Robert E. Morin, William G. Otis, Jasmin Raskin, Douglas G. Robinson, Diann Rust-Tierney, Charkes F. Shilling, Andrew L. Sonner, Ronald J. Tabak, David Von Drehle, James Wootton: "The death penalty in the 21st century"; 45 The American University Law Review 239 (1995)

Symposium: Nancy B. Mahon, John A. Beck, Robert B. Greifinger, Glenn G. Johnson, Frederick R. Parker Jr., Charles J. Paine, Felicia Cohn, Lindsay M. Hayes, and Vicki Dalton: "Death and Dying Behind Bars-- Cross-Cutting Themes and Policy Imperatives"; 27 The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 213 (1999)

Symposium: Gross, Samuel R.; Little Rory K.; Rapaport, Elizabeth; Bilionis, Louis D.; Hodgkinson, Peter; Denno, Deborah W.; Crocker, Phyllis L.; Strreib, Victor L.; Anderson, Jose Felipe; "The Ultimate Penalty: A Multifarious Look at Capital Punishment." 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 517 (2000)

Trulock, Jennifer M.: "An interview with William Neal Moore"; 4 Georgetown Journal on Fighting Poverty 191 (1996)


Innocence


J. Kirchmeier, "Dead Innocent: The Death Penalty Abolitionist Search for a Wrongful Execution," 42 Tulsa Law Review 403 (2006)

Bedau, Hugo Adam and Radelet, Michael: "Miscarriages of justice in potentially capital cases"; 40 Stanford Law Review 21 (1987)

Bedau, Hugo Adam and Radelet, Michael L.: "The myth of infallibility: a reply to Markman and Cassell"; 41 Stanford Law Review 161 (1988)

Bedau, Hugo Adam and Radelet, Michael L.:"The Execution of the Innocent"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 105 (1998)

Berger, Vivian: "Herrera vs. Collins: the gateway of innocence for death-sentenced prisoners leads nowhere"; 35 William and Mary Law Review 943 (1994)

Bryan, Robert R.: "The execution of the innocent: the tragedy of the Hauptmann-lindbergh and Bigelow cases"; 18 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 831 (1990-1991)

"Faces of Wrongful Conviction" 37 Golden Gate Law Review 1 (2006)

Freedman, Eric M.: "Innocence, federalism, and the capital jury: two legislative proposals for evaluating post-trial evidence of innocence in death penalty cases"; 18 New York University Review of Law and Sovcial Change 315 (1990-1991)

Givelber, Daniel, "Innocence Abroad: The Extradition Cases and the Future of Capital Litigation", 81 Oregon Law Review 161 (2002)

Gross, Samuel et. al., "Exonerations in the United States, 1989 through 2003," Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, Vol. 95, No. 2, 2005.

Gross, Samuel R.: "The risks of death: why erroneous convictions are common in capital cases"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 469 (1996)

Gross, Samuel R.: "Lost Lives: Miscarriages of Justice in Capital Cases"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 125 (1998)

Holmes, William, "Illegal Convictions and Sentences in Capital Punishment," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 103 (1999)

Koosed, Marjory, "Averting Mistaken Executions by Adopting the Model Penal Code's Exclusion of Death in the Presence of Lingering Doubt," 21 Northern Illinois University Law Review 41 (2001) - This article urges states to adopt the Model Penal Code's exclusion of the death penalty when the evidence does not foreclose all doubt of a defendant's guilt. Koosed argues that such a standard would help prevent wrongful executions and lessen burdens on the justice system. The article also considers the effects that the Supreme Court's decision in Apprendi v. New Jersey will have on capital judge-sentencing schemes.

Leo, Richard A. and Ofshe, Richard J.: "The consequence of false confessions: deprivations of liberty and miscarriages of justice in the age of psychological interrogation"; 88 The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 429 (1998)

Leo, Richard A. and Drizin, Steve: "The Problem of False COnfessions in a Post-DNA World"; 82 North Carolina Law Review 891 (2004)

Leo, Richard A. and Ofshe, Richard J.: "The Truth About False Confessions and Advocacy Scholarship"; 37 Criminal Law Bulletin 293 (2001)

Lillquist, R. Erik: "Absolute Certainty and the Death Penalty"; Social Science Research Network (August 23, 2004)

Markman, Stephen J. and Cassell, Paul G.: "Protecting the innocent: a response to the Bedau-Radelet Study"; 41 Stanford Law Review 121 (1988)

Radelet, Michael et al.: "Prisoners released from death rows since 1970 because of doubts about their guilt"; 13 Thomas M. Cooley Law Review 907 (1996)

Symposium, "The Imposition of the Death Penalty Is 'Fraught With Error': Where Do We Go From Here?" 4 New York City Law Review 229 (2002). The volume contains remarks from the ABA's Annual Meeting in New York on July 10, 2000. The program addressed the potential for error in capital cases and recommended reforms to prevent wrongful convictions.

Symposium, "Wrongful Convictions" Drake Law Review, Summer 2004 (Ordering Information: 515.271.2930):

  • Bedau, Hugo Adam, Michael L. Radelet, and Constance E. Putnam, "Convicting the Innocent in Capital Cases: Criteria, Evidence and Inference."
  • Bernard, Adele, "Justice Still Fails: A Review of Recent Efforts to Compensate Individuals Who Have Been Unjustly Convicted and Later Exonerated."
  • Drizin, Steven A. and Marissa J. Reich, "Heeding the Lessons of History: The Need for Mandatory Recording of Police Interrogations to Accurately Assess the Reliability and Voluntariness of Confessions."
  • Kyle, David, "Correcting Miscarriages of Justice: The Role of the Criminal Case Review Commission."
  • Levey, Dan S., "Wrongfully Convicted: A No-Win Situation for the Victim."
  • Mumma, Christine C., "The North Carolina Actual Innocence Commission: Uncommon Perspectives Joined By a Common Cause."
  • Rigg, Robert R., "Investigation, Discovery, and Disclosure in Criminal Cases: An Iowa Perspective."
  • Sullivan, Thomas P., "Preventing Wrongful Convictions - A Current Report from Illinois."
  • Wloson, Richard J., and Aaron M. London, "The Structure, Operation, and Impact of Wrongful Conviction Inquiries: The Sophonow Inquiry as an Example of the Canadian Experience."

Juries


Anderson, Jose Felipe, "When the Wall Has Fallen: Decades of Failure in the Supervision of Capital Juries" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 741 (2000)

Bowers, William J., et al.: "Foreclosed impartiality in capital sentencing: jurors' predispositions, guilt-trial experience, and premature decision making"; 83 Cornell Law Review 1476 (1998)

Bowers, William J.: "The capital jury project: rationale, design, and preview of early findings"; 70 Indiana Law Journal 1043 (1995)

Bowers, William J. and Steiner, Benjamin D.: "Death by Default: An Empirical Demonstration of False and Forced Choices in Capital Sentencing"; 77 Texas Law Review 605 (1999)

Costanzo, Sally et al.: "Deciding to take a life: capital juries, sentencing instructions, and the jurisprudence of death"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 149 (1994)

Dayan, Marshall et al.: "Searching for an impartial sentencer through jury selection in capital trials"; 23 Loyola of los Angeles Law Review 151 (1989)

Eisenbert, Theodore et al.: "But was he sorry? The role of remorse in capital sentencing"; 83 Cornell Law Review 1599 (1998)

Eisenberg, Theodore et al.: "Jury responsibility in capital sentencing: an empirical study"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 339 (1996)

Haney, Craig: "Violence and the Capital Jury: Mechanisms of Moral Disingagement and the Impulse to Condemn to Death"; 49 Stanford Law Review 1447 (1997)

Hoffmann, Joseph L.: "The executioners sing"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 19 (1995)

Logan, Wayne: "Confronting Evil: Victim's Rights in the Age of Terror"; 96 Georgetown Law Journal 71 (2008)

Marquart, James W. et al.: "Gazing into the crystal ball: can jurors accurately predict dangerousness in capital cases?"; 23 Law&Society Review 449 (1989)

Paduano, Anthony and Smith, Clive A. Stafford: "Deathly errors: jurors misperceptions concerning parole in the imposition of the death penalty"; 18 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 211 (1987)

Perlin, Michael L.: "The sanist lives of jurors in death penalty cases: the puzzling role of "mitigating" mental disability evidence"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, 239 (1994)

Sundby, Scott E.,: "The capital jury and absolution: the intersection of trial strategy, remorse, and the death penalty"; 83 Cornell Law Review 1557 (1998)

Wisenberg, Theodore, et al., "Forecasting Life and Death: Juror Race, Religion, and Attitude Toward the Death Penalty" 30 Journal of Legal Studies 277 (2001)

Lillquist, R. Erik: "Absolute Certainty and the Death Penalty"; Social Science Research Network (August 23, 2004)

William J. Bowers and Wanda D. Foglia, "Still Singularly Agonizing: Law's Failure to Purge Arbitrariness from Capital Sentencing," 39 Criminal Law Bulletin 51 (2003)) - This law review article is based on the Capital Jury Project's research with those who have served as jurors in death penalty cases. Despite judicial reforms inspired by Furman v. Georgia and approved in Gregg v. Georgia, jurors are deciding who deserves the death penalty in violation of the ways the Supreme Court has held are Constitutionally required. The Capital Jury Project studied more than 1,200 jurors from 14 states. Other findings from the Capital Jury Project can be found at www.cjp.neu.edu. This list is periodically updated and includes the full text of some articles.


Juveniles


Hamm, Mark S.: " Legislator ideology and capital punishment: the special case for the Indiana juveniles"; 6 Justice Quarterly, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 219 (1989)

Steiker, Carik and Steiker,Jordan: "Defending Categorical Exemptions to the Death Penalty: Reflections on the ABA's Resolutions Concerning the Execution of Juveniles and Persons with Mental Retardation"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 89 (1998)

Strreib, Victor L., "Emerging Issues in Juvenile Death Penalty Law" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 725 (2000)

Streib, Victor L.: "Moratorium on the Death Penalty for Juveniles"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 55 (1998)


Intellectual Disability


Billotte, Jamie Marie: "Is it justified? - The death penalty and mental retardation"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 333 (1994)

Blume, J., "Killing the Willing: 'Volunteers,' Suicide and Competency," 103 Michigan Law Review 939 (2005).

Crocker, Phyllis L.: "Concepts of culpability and deathworthiness: differentiating between guilt and punishment in death penalty cases"; 66 Fordham Law Review 21 (1997)

Gilreath, Shannon D., "Cruel and Unusual Punishment and the Eighth Amendment as a Mandate for Human Dignity: Another Look at Original Intent" (Jun 06, 2003). Thomas Jefferson Law Review, Spring 2003

Keyes, Denis W. et al.: "Mitigating mental retardation in capital cases: finding the "invisible" defendant"; 22 Mental and Physical Disabilities Law Reporter 529 (1998)

Steiker, Carik and Steiker,Jordan: "Defending Categorical Exemptions to the Death Penalty: Reflections on the ABA's Resolutions Concerning the Execution of Juveniles and Persons with Mental Retardation"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 89 (1998).

Winick, Bruce:“The Supreme Court’s Emerging Death Penalty Jurisprudence: Severe Mental Illness as the Next Frontier,” #2008-31, Social Science Research Network Electronic Paper Collection


Methods of Execution


Denno, Deborah W.: "When Legislatures Delegate Death: The Troubling Paradox Behind State Uses of Electrocution and Lethal Injection and What it Says About Us," 63 Ohio State Law 63 (2002) Discusses the motivations and problems behind legislative changes from one method of execution to another. The article also examines the constitutionality of these execution methods and presents a study of states' execution protocols.

Denno, Deborah W., "Adieu to Electrocution" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 665 (2000)

Denno, Deborah W.: "Getting to death: Are executions constitutional?"; 82 Iowa Law Review 319 (1997)

Harding, Roberta M.: "The gallows to the gurney: analyzing the (un)constitutionality of the methods of execution"; 6 The Boston University Public Interest Law Journal 153 (1996)

"Symposium: The Lethal Injection Debate: Law and Science," 35 Fordham Urban Law Journal 701 (2008)


Mitigation


Crocker, Phyllis L.: "Childhood Abuse and Adult Murder: Implications for the Death Penalty"; 77 North Carolina Law Review 1145 (1999)

Haney, Craig: "The social context of capital murder: social histories and the logic of mitigation"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 547 (1995)

King, Rachel and Norgard, Katherine: "What About Our Families? Using the Impact on Death Row Defendants' Family Members as a Mitigating Factor in Death Penalty Sentencing Hearings"; 26 Florida State University Law Review 1120 (1999)


Moral Issues


Bohm, Robert M.: "Humanism and the death penalty, with special emphasis on the post-Furman experience"; 6 Justice Quarterly, Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences 173 (1989)

Bright, Stephen B.: "The electric chair and the chain gang: choices and challenges for America's future"; 71 Notre Dame Law Review 845 (1996)

Dieter, Richard C.: "Ethical choices for attorneys whose clients elect execution"; 3 The Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 799 (1990)

Freedman, Alfred M. and Halpern, Abraham L.: "The erosion of ethics and morality in medicine: physician participation in legal executions in the United States"; 41 New York Law School Law Review 169 (1996)

Lamont, Corliss: "Yes to life"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 35 (1995)

Symposium: Robert Blecker, Jeffrey Kirchmeier, the Honorable William Erlbaum, David Von Drehle, and Jeffrey Fagan: "Rethinking the Death Penalty: Can We Define Who Deserves Death?" - 24 Pace Law Review 107 (2003)


Opinions/Views


Anaya, Toney: " Statement by [former governor] Toney Anaya on capital punishment"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 177 (1993)

Bowers, William J., et al.: "A new look at public opinion on capital punishment: what citizens and legislators prefer"; 22 American Journal of Criminal Law 77 (1994)

Bradford, David J.: "Judge Rubin and the death penalty: legacy unaccomplished"; 52 Louisiana Law Review 1441 (1992)

Cook, Nancy: "The sort of thing"; 14 Harvard Women's Law Journal 335 (1991)

Ellsworth, Phoebe C. and Gross, Samuel R.: "Hardening of attitudes: Americans' views on the death penalty"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 19 (1994)

Felton, Norman: "A parent says no to revenge"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 3 (1995)

Gross, Samuel R.: "Update: American public opinion on the death penalty-it's getting personal"; 83 Cornell Law Review 1448 (1998)

Kirchmeier, Jeffrey L., "Another Place Beyond Here: The Death Penalty Moratorium Movement in the United States," 73 Univ. Colorado Law Rev. 1 (2002). (The author explores the history of the death penalty in the U.S. and the moratorium movement that has resulted from growing concerns about the way the death penalty is applied.)

McCann, E. Michael: "Opposing capital punishment: a prosecutor's perspective"; 79 Marquette Law Review 649 (1996)

Tabak, Ronald J.: "Finality Without Fairness: Why We are Moving Towards Moratoria on Executions, and the Potential Abolition of Capital Punishment" 3 Connecticut Law Review 733 (2001). This law review article addresses the effect that DNA testing has had on public opinion about the death penalty, and how public opinion will likely impact judges, prosecutors and legislators in dealing with capital cases. In this same issue are articles on the death penalty by other notable authors.

"Governor Ryan's Capital Punishment Moratorium and the Executioner's Confession: Views from the Governor's Mansion to Death Row," 75 St. John's Law Rev. 401 (2001) (The article examines capital punishment from a variety of viewpoints. Among those featured in the discussion are Governor George Ryan of Illinois, Pulitzer-Prize winning New York Times writer Jim Dwyer, and former Mississippi prison warden Donald Cabana).


Politics


Blume, John and Eisenberg, Theodore: "Judicial politics, death penalty appeals, and case selection: An empirical study"; 72 Southern California Law Review 465 (1999)

Bresler, Kenneth: "Seeking justice, seeking election, and seeking the death penalty: the ethics of prosecutoral candidates' campaining on capital convictions"; 7 The Georgetown Journal of Legal Ethics 941 (1994)

Bright, Stephen B.: "The politics of crime and the death penalty: not "soft on crime" but hard on the Bill of Rights"; 39 Saint Louis University Law Journal 479 (1995)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Political attacks on the judiciary: Can justice be done amid efforts to intimidate and remove judges from office for unpopular decisions?"; 72 New York University Law Review 308 (1997)

Bright, Stephen B. and Keenan, Patrick J.: "Judges and the politics of death: deciding between the Bill of Rights and the next election in capital cases"; 75 Boston University Law Review 759 (1995)

Cuomo, Mario M.: "Some thoughts on judicial independence"; 72 New York University Law Review 298 (1997)

Davidow, Robert P.: "Federal habeas corpus: the effect of holding state capital trials collateral proceedings before a judge running for re-election"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 317 (1994)

Jeffrey Kubik and John Moran: "Lethal Elections: Gubernatorial Politics and the Timing of Executions"; (46 Journal of Law and Economics 1 (2003))

Symposium: Panelists Stephen B. Bright, Charles F. Baird, Penny J. White, George H. Kendall, Stephen F. Hanlon, and Charles J. Ogletree, Jr. discussed how due process in capital cases is adversely affected by political attacks on the judiciary in "Breaking the Most Vulnerable Branch: Do Rising Threats to Judicial Independence Preclude Due Process in Capital Cases?" (31 Columbia Human Rights Law Review 123 (1999))

Tabak, Ronald J.: "How empirical studies can affect positively the politics of the death penalty"; 83 Cornell Law Review 6 (1998)

Tabak, Ronald J., ed.: "Politics and the death penalty: Can rational discourse and due process survive the perceived political pressure?"; Panel members: James E. Coleman, Hon. James G. Exum, Jr., Nat Hentoff, Hon. Susan John, Hon. Ernest Preate, Jr., Norman Redlich, Bryan Stevenson, Shabaka Sundiata Waglini; 21 Fordham Urban Law Journal 239 (1994)

Tigar, Michael E.: "Judges, lawyers and the penalty of death"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 147 (1989)

Uelmen, Gerald F.: "Review of death penalty judgments by the Supreme Courts of California: A Tale of Two Courts"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 237 (1989)


Race


Platt, Kieran James: "Precious Lives: Who Lives and Who Dies in America's Contemporary Capital Punishment Complex"; SSRN 2035809 (2012)  Addresses arbitrary and discriminatory application of the death penalty against racial minorities and the poor.

Race and Policing 6 Criminology & Public Policy 1 (February 2007)

Baldus, David et al.:"In the post-Furman era: an empirical and legal overview, with recent findings from Philadelphia" 83 Cornell Law Review 1638 (1998)

Baldus, David et al.: "Reflections on the "inevitability" of racial discrimination in capital sentencing and the "impossibility" of its prevention, detection, and correction"; 51 Washington and Lee Law Review 357 (1994)

Baldus, David et al.: "Arbitrariness and discrimination in the administration of the death penalty: a challenge to state supreme courts"; 15 Stetson Law Review 133 (1986)

Blume, John H. et al.: "Post-McClesky racial discrimination claims in capital cases"; 83 Cornell Law Review 1771 (1998)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Discrimination, death and denial: the tolerance of racial discrimination in infliction of the death penalty"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 433 (1995)

Chemerinsky, Erwin: "Eliminating discrimination in administering the death penalty: the need for the Racial Justice Act"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 519 (1995)

Johnson, James H. et al.: "African American males and capital murder: a death penalty mitigation strategy"; 18 Urban Geography 403 (1997)

Liptak, A: "A New Look at Race When Death is Sought"

McAdams,John C.: "Racial Disparity and the Death Penalty"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 153 (1998)

Ogletree, Charles J. Jr., "Black Man's Burden: Race and the Death Penalty in America?," 81 Oregon Law Review 15 (2002)

Phillips, Scott: “Racial Disparities in the Capital of Capital Punishment,” 45 Houston Law Review 807 (2008)

Pierce, Glenn L. and Radelet, Michael L., "Race, Region, and Death Sentencing in Illinois, 1988-1997," 81 Oregon Law Review 39 (2002). Features research completed for the Illinois Commission on Capital Punishment. Authors conclude that particularly race of the victim plays a significant role in who is sentenced to death in Illinois.

Pierce, G. and M. Radelet, "The Impact of Legally Inappropriate Factors on Death Sentencing for California Homicides, 1990-1999," 46 Santa Clara Law Review.

Pokorak, Jeffrey J.:"Probing the capital prosecutor's perspective: race of the discretionary actors" 83 Cornell Law Review 1811 (1998)

Radelet, Michael, et. al., 7 Univ. of Colorado Law Review 549 (2006).

SYMPOSIUM: "Race to Execution," includes presentations and articles from the two-day seminar on how Race has played a role in the death penalty debate. Panelists included Governor George Ryan, EJI Director Bryan Stevenson, researcher David Baldus, and federal death penalty attorney Kevin McNally. (53 DePaul Law Review 1401 (2004))

Tabak, Ronald J.: "Is racism irrelevant? Or should the fairness in death sentencing act be enacted to substantially diminish racial discrimination in capital sentencing?"; 18 New York University Review of Law and Social Change 777 (1990-1991)


Religion


Berg, Thomas, "Religious Conservatives and the Death Penalty" 9 William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal, Dec. 2000, (University of St. Thomas)

"Catholics and the Death Penalty: Lawyers, Jurors & Judges." (Symposium, 44 Journal of Catholic Legal Studies 277 (2005)

Megivern, James J., "Judge Noonan, Church, Change and the Death Penalty," 1 University of St. Thomas Law Journal 274 (2003)


Representation


Acker, James R. and Lanier, Charles S.:"Ready for the Defense? Legislative Provisions Governing the Appointment of Counsel in Capital Cases"; 35 Criminal Law Bulletin 429 (1999)

American Bar Association, "Guidelines for the Appointment and Performance of Defense Counsel in Death Penalty Cases"; 31 Hofstra Law Review 903 (2003)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Counsel for the poor: the death sentence not for the worst crime but for the worst lawyer"; 103 The Yale Law Journal 1835 (1994)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Death by lottery - procedural bar of constitutional claims in capital cases due to the inadequate representation of indigent defendants"; 92 West Virginia Law Review 679 (1990)

Bright, Stephen B. "Elected Judges and the Death Penalty in Texas: Why Full Habeas Corpus Review by Independent Federal Judges Is Indispensable to Protecting Constitutional Rights;" 73 Texas Law Review 1805 (2000))

Bright, Stephen B.: "In defense of life: Enforcing the Bill of Rights on behalf of poor, minority and disadvantaged persons facing the death penalty"; 57 Missouri Law Review 849 (1992)

Costanzo, Mark and Peterson, Julie: "Attorney persuasion in the capital penalty phase: a content analysis of closing arguments"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 125 (1994)

Cohen, Douglas M. and Lardent, Esther F.: "The last best hope: representing death row inmates"; 23 Loyola of Los Angeles Law Review 213 (1989)

Crocker, Phyllis L.: "Feminism and Defending Men on Death Row"; 29 St. Mary's Law Journal 4 (1998).

Drinan,C.: "The Revitalization of Ake: A Capital Defendant’s Right to Expert Assistance," 60 Oklahoma Law Review, Summer 2007, 2.

Geimer, William S.: "A decade of Strickland's Tin Horn: doctrinal and practical undermining of the right to counsel"; 4 William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal 91 (1995)

Howard Jr., Roscoe C.: "The defunding of the post conviction defense organizations as a denial of the right to counsel"; 98 West Virginia Law Review 864 (1996)

McConville, Celestine Richards: “The Meaninglessness of Delayed Appointments and Discretionary Grants of Capital Postconviction Counsel,” 42 Tulsa Law Review 253 (2006).

McConville, Celestine Richards: "The Right to Effective Assistance of Capital Postconviction Counsel: Constitutional Implications of Statutory Grants of Capital Counsel"; 2003 Wisconsin Law Review 31 (2003).

Mello, Michael: "Death and his lawyers: why Joseph Spaziano owes his life to the Miami Herald - and not to any defense lawyer or judge"; 20 Vermont Law Review 19 (1995)

Redick, W., MacLean, B., Truett, M.: ”Pretend Justice--Defense Representation in Tennessee Death Penalty Cases,” 38 University of Memphis Law Review 303 ( 2008)

STATE BAR OF TEXAS: GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS FOR TEXAS CAPITAL COUNSEL: STANDING COMMITTEE ON LEGAL SERVICES TO THE POOR IN CRIMINAL MATTERS ADOPTED BY THE STATE BAR BOARD OF DIRECTORS APRIL 21, 2006, 69 Tex. B. J. 966 (2006).

Tabak, Ronald J., ed.: "The death of fairness? Counsel competency and due process in death penalty cases"; Panel members: Stephen B. Bright, Talbot "Sandy" D'Alemberte, David R. Dow, Arthur "Cappy" Eads, Elaine R. Jones, Anthony Lewis, Hon. Ernest D. Preate, Jr., Sister Helen Prejean C.S.J., Clive A. Stafford Smith, Ronald J. Tabak, Michael E. Tigar; 31 Houston Law Review 1105 (1994)

R. Tabak, “The Private Bar’s Efforts to Secure Proper Representation for Those Facing Execution,”29 Justice System Journal 356 (2008)

Vick, Douglas W.: "Poorhouse justice: underfunded indigent defense services and arbitrary death sentences"; 43 Buffalo Law Review 329 (1995)

Weisberg, Robert: "Who defends capital defendants?"; 35 Santa Clara Law Review 535 (1995)


State Habeas Review


Bienen, Leigh B.: "The proportionality review of capital cases by state high courts after Gregg: only the "appearance of justice"?"; 87 The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 130 (1996)

Bright, Stephen B.: "Is fairness irrelevant? The evisceration of federal habeas corpus review and limits on the ability of state courts to protect fundamental rights"; 54 Washington and Lee Law Review 1 (1997)

Bright, Stephen B. "Elected Judges and the Death Penalty in Texas: Why Full Habeas Corpus Review by Independent Federal Judges Is Indispensable to Protecting Constitutional Rights;" 73 Texas Law Review __ (2000))

Driggs, Ken.: "'The Most Aggravated and Least Mitigated Murders': Capital Proportionality Review in Florida"; 11 St. Thomas Law Review 207 (1999)

Hartman, Marshall and Nyden, Jeanette: "Habeas corpus and the new federalism after the Anti-Terrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996"; 30 The John Marshall LawReview 337 (1997)

Hartman, Rhonda G.: "Critiquing Pennsylvania's comparative proportionality review in capital cases"; 52 University of Pittsburgh Law Review 871 (1991)

Mello, Michael: "Rough justice: reflections on the capital habeas corpus (anti)jurisprudence of judge Robert S. Vance"; 42 Alabama Law Review 1197 (1991)

Sorensen, Jonathan R. and Wallace, Donald, H.: "Missouri proportionality review: an assessment of a state supreme court's procedures in capital cases"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 281 (1994)

Thibodeau, Renee: "Efficiency vs. Justice: Giarratano and the Capital petitioner's right to a "meaningful" postconviction process"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 317 (1994)


State Specific


Acker, James R.: "When the cheering stopped: an overview and analysis of New York's death penalty legislation"; 17 Pace Law Review 41 (1996)

Bienen, Leigh B. et al.: "The reimposition of capital punishemnt in New Jersey: the role of prosecutorial discretion"; 41 Rutgers Law Review 27 (1988)

Bienen, Leigh B.: "The Quality of Justice in Capital Cases: Illinois as a Case Study"; 61 Law & Contemporary Problems 193 (1998)

Bright, Stephen B. "Elected Judges and the Death Penalty in Texas: Why Full Habeas Corpus Review by Independent Federal Judges Is Indispensable to Protecting Constitutional Rights;" 73 Texas Law Review __ (2000))

Driggs, Ken: "A current of electricity sufficient in intensity to cause immediate death: a pre-Furman history of Florida's electric chair"; 22 Stetson Law Review 1169 (1993)

Greene, Norman L., "The Condemned, the Tinkerers and the Machinery of Death: Capital Punishment in New York Before 1965," 38 Criminal Law Bulletin 510, (2002).
The piece represents an oral history of the period of active executions in New York by those who were in pivotal positions, including prosecutors, defense counsel, and associates of Governor Rockefeller (with an introductory article by James Acker).

Koosed, Margery Malkin: "Some perspectives on the possible impact of diminished federal review of Ohio's death sentences"; 19 Capital University Law Review 695 (1990)

Lanier, Charles S. "The Death Penalty in the Northeast," 10 Criminal Justice Policy Review 7 (1999)

Ledewitz, Bruce: "Sources of injustice in death penalty practice: the Pennsylvania experience"; 95 Dickinson Law Review 652 (1991)

MacFarlane, Walter A.: "The clemency process in Virginia"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 241 (1993)

Mears, Mike and Driggs, Ken, "Georgia Death Penalty Law" 52 Mercer Law Review 29 (2000) - Covers recent death penalty decisions from the Georgia Supreme Court, and examines direct appeal decisions directly affecting death penalty cases. The article discusses jury selection, guilt and sentencing trials, preservation of error, state habeas corpus, and the Georgia electric chair.

An update on the status of death penalty law in Georgia since the May 2000 article is available at 53 Mercer Law Review 233 (2001).

Medlin, Nell Joslin and Mello, Michael: "Espinosa vs. Florida: Constitutional hurricane, lambent breeze, or idiot wind?"; 22 Stetson Law Review 909 (1993)

Mello, Michael: "The jurisdiction to do justice: Florida's jury override and the state constitution"; 18 Florida State University Law Review 923 (1991)

Pierce, Glenn L. and Radelet, Michael L., "Race, Religion, and Death Sentencing in Illinois," 1988-1997, 81 Oregon Law Review 39 (2002)

Schoenberg, Jason, "Making the Constitutional Cut: Evaluating New York's death penalty statute in light of the Supreme Court's capital punishment mandates," 8 Journal of Law and Policy 337

Tabak, Ronald J., ed.: "Are executions in New York inevitable?"; Panel members: Cessie Alfonso, Dean John D. Feerick, Lee Grant, George H. Kendall, Thomas McDermott, Archibald Murray, His Eminence John Cardinal O'Connor, Barbara Paul Robinson; 22 Fordham Urban Law Journal 557 (1995)

Vandiver, Margaret: "The quality of mercy: race and clemency in Florida death penalty cases"; 27 University of Richmond Law Review 315 (1993)

Weisberg, Robert: "The New York Statute as cultural document: seeking the morally optimal death penalty"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 283 (1996)

Zimring, Franklin E.: "The wages of ambivalence: on the context and prospects of New York's death penalty"; 44 Buffalo Law Review 303 (1996)


Supreme Court


Bigel, Alan I.: "Justices William J. Brennan, Jr. and Thurgood Marshall on Capital Punishment: its constitutionality, morality, deterrent effect, and interpretation by the court"; 8 Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy 11 (1994)

Blackmun, Harry A.: "A dissenting voice"; 28 The Bill of Rights Journal 23 (1995)

Casper, Jonathan D. and Diamond, Shari Seidman: "Empirical evidence and the death penalty: past and future"; 50 Journal of Social Issues 177 (1994)

Crocker, Phillys L., "Not to Decide is to Decide: The U.S. Supreme Court's Thirty-Year Struggle with One Case About Competency to Waive Death Penalty Appeals," 49 Wayne Law Review 885 (2004).

Mello, Michael: "Adhering to our views: Brennan and Marshall and the relentless dissent to death as a punishment"; 22 Florida State University Law Review 592 (1995)

Tabak, Ronald J.: "Justice Brennan and the death penalty"; 11 Pace Law Review 473 (1991)


Terrorism


Donohue, Laura K., "Bias, National Security and Military Tribunals" (reaction essay) 3 Criminology and Public Policy 339 (2002).

Ostrom, Brian J., et at. "The Prosecution and Punishment of Intentional Terrorists in Federal Courts: 1980-1998" 3 Criminology and Public Policy 311 (2002).

Turk, Austin T., "Confronting Enemies Foreign and Domestic: An American Dilemma?" (reaction essay) 3 Criminology and Public Policy 345 (2002).

Symposium, "Capital Punishment in the Age of Terrorism" 41 The Catholic Lawyer 187 (2001). The text from a symposium sponsored by the Association of the Bar of the City of New York features leading death penalty experts closely examining how governments respond to national crimes, such as the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon, that trigger factors that are not present in ordinary first-degree murder cases.


Women


Baker, David V.: "A Descriptive Profile and Socio-Historical Analysis of Female Executions in the United States: 1632-1997"; 10(3) Women and Criminal Justice 57 (1999)

Crocker, Phyllis, "Is the Death Penalty Good for Women," 4 Buffalo Criminal Law Review 917 (2001) - This article examines gender and race issues in rape-murder death penalty cases.

Howarth, Joan W.,"Executing White Masculinities: Learning from Karla Faye Tucker," 81 Oregon Law Review 183 (2002)

Rapaport, Elizabeth, "Staying Alive: Executive Clemency, Equal Protection, and the Politics of Gender in Women's Capital Cases" 4 Buffalo Criminal Law Review 967 (2001) - This article considers how clemency decisions are made with regard to women, and whether or not gender issues affect those decisions.

Rapaport, Elizabeth, "Equality of the Damned: The Execution of Women on the Cusp of the 21st Century" 26 Ohio Northern University Law Review 581 (2000)