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STUDIES: FBI Releases Report Including State Murder Rates for 2012

The U.S. Department of Justice recently released its annual FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2012. The national murder rate remained approximately the same in 2012 as in 2011. The Northeast, the region with the fewest executions, had the lowest murder rate of any region, and its murder rate decreased 3.4% from the previous year. The South, which carries out the most executions of any region, again had the highest murder rate in 2012. The murder rate in the West remained about the same, while the rate in the Midwest increased slightly. Six of the nine states with the lowest murder rates are states without the death penalty. The average murder rate of death penalty states was 4.7, while the average murder rate of states without the death penalty was 3.7 (not weighted by population).


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STUDIES: FBI Preliminary Crime Report for 2012

The Federal Bureau of Investigation recently released the preliminary findings of its annual Uniform Crime Report for 2012. The final report will likely be published in October, but the initial statistics indicate the number of murders in the U.S. increased slightly by 1.5% from 2011. Three regions of the country showed an increase in murders, while one region declined. Murders in the Northeast decreased by 4.4%. The number of murders increased by 3.3% in the Midwest, 2.5% in the South, and 2.5% in the West. The entire Northeast has not carried out an execution since 2005 and accounts for less than 1% of the executions in the country since the death penalty was reinstated in 1976. It consistently has the lowest murder rate for the 4 regions. The South, which regularly has the highest murder rate, has been responsible for 82% of the executions; the Midwest 12%; and the West 6%.


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STUDIES: FBI Releases 2011 Crime Report Showing Drop in Murder Rates

On October 29, the U.S. Justice Department released the annual FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2011, indicating that the national murder rate dropped 1.5% from 2010. This decline occurred at a time when the use of the death penalty is also decreasing nationally.  The Northeast region, which uses the death penalty the least, had the lowest murder rate of the 4 geographic regions, and saw a 6.4% further decrease in its murder rate in 2011, the largest decrease of any region.  By contrast, the South, which carries out more executions than any other region, had the highest murder rate. It saw a small decline from last year. The murder rate in the West remained about the same, while the rate in the Midwest increased slightly.  Four of the five states with the highest murder rates are death-penalty states, while four of the five states with the lowest murder rates are states without the death penalty. See table below.


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STUDIES: FBI Uniform Crime Report Finds Murder Rates Declined in 2008

The annual crime report released by the Federal Bureau of Investigation showed a decline in the national murder rate.  The rate dropped 4.7% in 2008 compared to 2007. Despite a regional decline, the South still has the highest murder rate among the four geographic regions: 6.6 murders per 100,000 people, higher than the national rate of 5.4. The Northeast still maintains the lowest murder rate at 4.2. There were 16,272 murders or non-negligent manslaughters in 2008, according to the report.  (FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2008 (published Sept. 2009)). The South has accounted for over 80% of executions since 1976 (971 of 1176 executions), while the Northeast accounted for less than 1% (4 of 1176).  Of the 20 states with the highest murder rates in the country, all of them had the death penalty in 2008.


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Murders Drop in New Jersey Following Moratorium and Abolition of Death Penalty

The number of murders in New Jersey declined 24% in the first six months of 2009 compared to the same period last year.  Murders declined in 2008, the year after the state abolished the death penalty, marking the first time since 1999 that New Jersey has seen a drop in murders for two consecutive years.  Murders dropped 11% in 2007, the year following a state-imposed moratorium on executions, which was instituted in 2006. Governor Jon Corzine, who signed the bill abolishing the death penalty, was encouraged by the statistics and attributed the decline to aggressive crime-fighting measures: "The release of these crime report statistics shows that we are winning important battles in the war against violent criminals and gangs," said the Governor. "Thanks to the efforts of Attorney General Milgram and the New Jersey law enforcement community, county task forces, police departments, and partner agencies, more than  4,200 offenders have been arrested for crimes including murder, assault with a firearm, armed robbery, and gun and drug trafficking. We know more work remains.  Even one act of violence against a New Jersey citizen is one too many."


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Murder Rates Nationally and By State

DATA SOURCES: 

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2008 (Published Sept, 2009)

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2009 (Published Sept, 2010)

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2010 (Published Sept, 2011)

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2011 (Published Oct, 2012)

FBI Uniform Crime Report for 2012 (Published Oct, 2013)

News and Developments - Current Year

News and Developments - Previous Years


REGIONAL MURDER RATES, 2001 - 2012
MURDER RATES PER 100,000 PEOPLE
 
REGION 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 EXECUTIONS SINCE 1976
(
As of 7/24/14)
South 5.5 5.5 5.6 6.1 6.6 7.0 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.9 6.8 6.7 1129
Midwest 4.7 4.5 4.4 4.6 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.3 167
West 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.6 5.0 5.3 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.7 5.7 5.5 85
Northeast 3.8 3.9 4.2 3.8 4.2 4.1 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.2 4.1 4.2 4
NATIONAL RATE 4.7 4.7 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.6 5.5 5.7 5.6 5.6  

 


NATIONWIDE MURDER RATES, 1996 - 2012

ALPHABETICAL BY STATE

MURDER RATES PER 100,000 PEOPLE

States marked in yellow have no death penalty statute

 

YEAR 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
Alabama 7.1 6.2 5.7 6.8 7.6 8.9 8.3 8.2 5.6 6.6 6.8 8.5 7.4 7.9 8.1 9.9 10.4
Alaska 4.1 4.1 4.3 3.1 4.1 6.4 5.4 4.8 5.6 6 5.1 6.1 4.3 8.6 6.7 8.9 7.4
Arizona 5.5 6.1 6.4 5.8 6.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.2 7.9 7.1 7.5 7.0 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.5
Arkansas 5.9 5.4 4.6 6.2 5.7 6.7 7.3 6.7 6.4 6.4 5.2 5.5 6.3 5.6 8.0 9.9 8.7
California 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.1 6.0 6.6 8 9.1
Colorado 3.1 3.0 2.6 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.7 4.4 3.9 4.0 3.6 3.1 4.6 4.6 4 4.7
Connecticut 4.1 3.6 3.7 3.0 3.5 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.6 3.0 2.3 3.1 2.9 3.3 4.1 3.8 4.8
Delaware 6.2 5.3 5.7 4.6 6.5 4.3 4.9 4.4 2.0 2.9 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.5 4.3
Florida 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.5 6.4 6.6 6.2 5.0 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.6 5.7 6.5 6.9 7.5
Georgia 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.6 7.5 6.4 6.2 6.9 7.6 7.1 7.1 8.0 7.5 8.1 7.5 9.5
Hawaii 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.9 2.6 1.7 1.9 2.6 2.9 3.7 2 4 3.4
Idaho 1.8 2.2 1.4 1.6 1.5 3.3 2.5 2.4 2.2 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.2 2 2.9 3.2 3.6
Illinois 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.1 6 6.1 7.1 7.5 7.9 7.2 7.7 8.4 9.2 10
Indiana 4.7 4.7 4.1 4.9 5.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.8 5.8 6.6 7.7 7.3 7.2
Iowa 1.5 1.4 1.2 1.3 2.5 1.2 1.8 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.9
Kansas 2.9 3.9 3.4 4.4 4 3.9 4.6 3.7 4.5 4.5 2.9 3.4 6.3 6 5.9 6 6.6
Kentucky 4.5 3.5 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.8 4 4.6 5.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.8 5.4 4.6 5.8 5.9
Louisiana 10.8 11.1 11.0 11.8 11.9 14.2 12.4 9.9 12.7 13 13.2 11.2 12.5 10.7 12.8 15.7 17.5
Maine 1.9 2.0 1.8 2.0 2.4 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.2 2.2 2 2 2
Maryland 6.3 6.8 7.4 7.7 8.8 9.8 9.7 9.9 9.4 9.5 9.4 8.3 8.1 9 10 9.9 11.6
Massachusetts 1.8 2.8 3.3 2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.3 2 2 2 1.9 2.6
Michigan 7.0 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.4 6.7 7.1 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.7 6.7 6.7 7 7.3 7.8 7.5
Minnesota 1.8 1.4 1.8 1.4 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.8 3.6
Mississippi 7.4 7.8 6.9 6.6 8.1 7.1 7.7 7.3 7.8 9.3 9.2 9.9 9 7.7 11.4 13.1 11.1
Missouri 6.5 6.1 7.0 6.5 7.7 6.5 6.3 6.9 6.2 5 5.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 7.3 7.9 8.1
Montana 2.7 2.9 2.5 3.3 2.4 1.5 1.8 1.9 3.2 3.3 1.8 3.8 1.8 2.6 4.1 4.8 3.9
Nebraska 2.9 3.7 3.0 2.3 3.8 3.8 2.8 2.5 2.3 3.2 2.8 2.5 3.7 3.6 3.1 3 2.9
Nevada 4.5 5.1 5.8 5.9 6.3 7.5 9 8.5 7.4 8.8 8.3 8.5 6.5 9.1 9.7 11.2 13.7
New Hampshire 1.1 1.3 1.0 0.8 1 1.1 1 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.7
New Jersey 4.4 4.3 4.2 3.7 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7 3.9 4 3.4 3.5 4 4.2 4.2
New Mexico 5.6 7.6 6.8 9.9 7.2 8.2 6.8 7.4 8.9 6 8.2 5.4 7.4 9.8 10.9 7.7 11.5
New York 3.5 3.9 4.5 4.0 4.3 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.7 5 5 5 5.1 6 7.4
North Carolina 4.9 5.2 5.0 5.2 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.2 7 7.2 8.1 8.3 8.5
North Dakota 4.0 3.5 1.5 1.9 0.5 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.9 0.8 1.1 0.6 1.6 1.1 0.9 2.2
Ohio 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.6 4 3.7 3.5 4 4.7 4.8
Oklahoma 5.7 5.6 5.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.9 4.7 5.3 5.3 6.9 6.1 6.9 6.8
Oregon 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.5 1.9 2 2.4 2 2.7 3.8 2.9 4
Pennsylvania 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.7
Rhode Island 3.2 1.3 2.8 3.0 2.8 1.8 2.6 3.2 2.4 2.3 3.8 3.7 4.3 3.6 2.4 2.5 2.5
South Carolina 6.9 6.8 5.7 6.7 6.8 8 8.3 7.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.3 5.8 6.6 8 8.4 9
South Dakota 3.0 2.4 2.8 3.7 3.2 2.1 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.9 2.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Tennessee 6.0 5.9 5.6 7.4 6.6 6.4 6.8 7.2 5.9 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.1 8.5 9.5 9.5
Texas 4.4 4.4 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.4 6 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.8 6.8 7.7
Utah 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.4 1.4 2.2 1.8 2.3 1.9 2.5 2 3 1.9 2.1 3.1 2.4 3.2
Vermont 1.3 1.8 1.1 1.3 2.7 1.9 1.9 1.3 2.6 2.3 2.1 1.1 1.5 2.9 2.6 1.5 1.9
Virginia 3.8 3.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.3 5.2 6.1 5.2 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.7 6.2 7.2 7.5
Washington 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.9 2.9 2.7 3 3.3 3.1 3 3 3 3.3 3 3.9 4.3 4.6
West Virginia 3.9 4.7 3.1 4.6 3.3 3.5 4.1 4.4 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.2 2.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.8
Wisconsin 3.0 2.4 2.7 2.6 2.6 3.3 3 3.5 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.6 4 4.2
Wyoming 2.4 3.2 1.4 2.0 1.9 3.1 1.7 2.7 2.2 2.8 3 1.8 2.4 2.3 4.8 3.5 3.3

For 2012, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.7, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.7

For 2011, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.7, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.1

For 2010, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.6, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 2.9

For 2009, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.9, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 2.8

For 2008, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 5.2, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.3

For a weighted average which takes into account the population of each state, see additional murder rate data.


NATIONWIDE MURDER RATES

BY 2012 RANK, HIGHEST TO LOWEST
(2010 to 1996 Shown for Comparison)
MURDER RATES PER 100,000 PEOPLE
YEAR 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996
Louisiana 10.8 11.1 11.0 11.8 11.9 14.2 12.4 9.9 12.7 13 13.2 11.2 12.5 10.7 12.8 15.7 17.5
Mississippi 7.4 7.8 6.9 6.6 8.1 7.1 7.7 7.3 7.8 9.3 9.2 9.9 9 7.7 11.4 13.1 11.1
Alabama 7.1 6.2 5.7 6.8 7.6 8.9 8.3 8.2 5.6 6.6 6.8 8.5 7.4 7.9 8.1 9.9 10.4
Michigan 7.0 6.2 5.9 6.2 5.4 6.7 7.1 6.1 6.4 6.1 6.7 6.7 6.7 7 7.3 7.8 7.5
South Carolina 6.9 6.8 5.7 6.7 6.8 8 8.3 7.4 6.9 7.2 7.3 6.3 5.8 6.6 8 8.4 9
Missouri 6.5 6.1 7.0 6.5 7.7 6.5 6.3 6.9 6.2 5 5.8 6.6 6.2 6.6 7.3 7.9 8.1
Maryland 6.3 6.8 7.4 7.7 8.8 9.8 9.7 9.9 9.4 9.5 9.4 8.3 8.1 9 10 9.9 11.6
Delaware 6.2 5.3 5.7 4.6 6.5 4.3 4.9 4.4 2 2.9 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.2 2.8 2.5 4.3
Tennessee 6.0 5.9 5.6 7.4 6.6 6.4 6.8 7.2 5.9 6.8 7.2 7.4 7.2 7.1 8.5 9.5 9.5
Arkansas 5.9 5.4 4.6 6.2 5.7 6.7 7.3 6.7 6.4 6.4 5.2 5.5 6.3 5.6 8 9.9 8.7
Georgia 5.9 5.6 5.7 5.8 6.6 7.5 6.4 6.2 6.9 7.6 7.1 7.1 8 7.5 8.1 7.5 9.5
Illinois 5.8 6.1 5.5 6.0 6.1 5.9 6.1 6 6.1 7.1 7.5 7.9 7.2 7.7 8.4 9.2 10
Oklahoma 5.7 5.6 5.2 6.3 5.8 6.1 5.8 5.3 5.3 5.9 4.7 5.3 5.3 6.9 6.1 6.9 6.8
New Mexico 5.6 7.6 6.8 9.9 7.2 8.2 6.8 7.4 8.9 6 8.2 5.4 7.4 9.8 10.9 7.7 11.5
Arizona 5.5 6.1 6.4 5.8 6.3 7.4 7.5 7.5 7.2 7.9 7.1 7.5 7 8 8.1 8.2 8.5
Pennsylvania 5.4 5.0 5.1 5.3 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 5.2 5.3 5.1 5.3 4.9 4.9 5.3 5.9 5.7
Florida 5.2 5.2 5.2 5.5 6.4 6.6 6.2 5 5.4 5.4 5.5 5.3 5.6 6.7 6.5 6.9 7.5
California 5.0 4.8 4.8 5.3 5.8 6.2 6.8 6.9 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.4 6.1 6 6.6 8 9.1
North Carolina 4.9 5.2 5.0 5.2 6.5 6.5 6.1 6.7 6.2 6.1 6.6 6.2 7 7.2 8.1 8.3 8.5
Indiana 4.7 4.7 4.1 4.9 5.1 5.6 5.8 5.7 5.1 5.5 5.9 6.8 5.8 6.6 7.7 7.3 7.2
Kentucky 4.5 3.5 4.3 4.3 4.6 4.8 4 4.6 5.7 4.6 4.5 4.7 4.8 5.4 4.6 5.8 5.9
Nevada 4.5 5.1 5.8 5.9 6.3 7.5 9 8.5 7.4 8.8 8.3 8.5 6.5 9.1 9.7 11.2 13.7
New Jersey 4.4 4.3 4.2  3.7 4.3 4.4 4.9 4.8 4.5 4.7 3.9 4 3.4 3.5 4 4.2 4.2
Texas 4.4 4.4 4.9 5.4 5.6 5.9 5.9 6.2 6.1 6.4 6 6.2 5.9 6.1 6.8 6.8 7.7
Ohio 4.3 4.3 4.2  4.6 4.7 4.5 4.7 5.1 4.5 4.6 4.6 4 3.7 3.5 4 4.7 4.8
Alaska 4.1 4.1 4.3  3.1 4.1 6.4 5.4 4.8 5.6 6 5.1 6.1 4.3 8.6 6.7 8.9 7.4
Connecticut 4.1 3.6 3.7  3.0 3.5 3 3.1 2.9 2.6 3 2.3 3.1 2.9 3.3 4.1 3.8 4.8
North Dakota 4.0 3.5 1.5  1.9 0.5 1.9 1.3 1.1 1.4 1.9 0.8 1.1 0.6 1.6 1.1 0.9 2.2
West Virginia 3.9 4.7 3.1 4.6 3.3 3.5 4.1 4.4 3.7 3.5 3.2 2.2 2.5 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.8
Virginia 3.8 3.8 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.3 5.2 6.1 5.2 5.6 5.3 5.1 5.7 5.7 6.2 7.2 7.5
New York 3.5 3.9 4.5  4.0 4.3 4.2 4.8 4.5 4.6 4.9 4.7 5 5 5 5.1 6 7.4
Rhode Island 3.2 1.9 2.8  3.0 2.8 1.8 2.6 3.2 2.4 2.3 3.8 3.7 4.3 3.6 2.4 2.5 2.5
Colorado 3.1 3.0 2.6  3.2 3.2 3.1 3.3 3.7 4.4 3.9 4 3.6 3.1 4.6 4.6 4 4.7
South Dakota 3.0 2.4 2.8 3.7 3.2 2.1 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.3 1.4 0.9 0.9 2.5 1.4 1.4 1.2
Wisconsin 3.0 2.4 2.7  2.6 2.6 3.3 3 3.5 2.8 3.3 2.8 3.6 3.2 3.4 3.6 4 4.2
Washington 3.0 2.4 2.3  2.9 2.9 2.7 3 3.3 3.1 3 3 3 3.3 3 3.9 4.3 4.6
Kansas 2.9 3.9 3.4  4.4 4 3.9 4.6 3.7 4.5 4.5 2.9 3.4 6.3 6 5.9 6 6.6
Nebraska 2.9 3.7 3.0  2.3 3.8 3.8 2.8 2.5 2.3 3.2 2.8 2.5 3.7 3.6 3.1 3 2.9
Montana 2.7 2.9 2.5  3.3 2.4 1.5 1.8 1.9 3.2 3.3 1.8 3.8 1.8 2.6 4.1 4.8 3.9
Wyoming 2.4 3.2 1.4  2.0 1.9 3.1 1.7 2.7 2.2 2.8 3 1.8 2.4 2.3 4.8 3.5 3.3
Oregon 2.4 2.2 2.5  2.3 2.2 1.9 2.3 2.2 2.5 1.9 2 2.4 2 2.7 3.8 2.9 4
Hawaii 2.1 1.5 1.8  1.8 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.9 2.6 1.7 1.9 2.6 2.9 3.7 2 4 3.4
Maine 1.9 2.0 1.8  2.0 2.4 1.6 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.2 2.2 2 2 2
Massachusetts 1.8 2.8 3.3  2.6 2.6 2.9 2.9 2.7 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.3 2 2 2 1.9 2.6
Idaho 1.8 2.2 1.4  1.6 1.5 3.3 2.5 2.4 2.2 1.8 2.7 2.3 1.2 2 2.9 3.2 3.6
Utah 1.8 1.8 1.9  1.4 1.4 2.2 1.8 2.3 1.9 2.5 2 3 1.9 2.1 3.1 2.4 3.2
Minnesota 1.8 1.4 1.8  1.4 2.1 2.2 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.5 2.2 2.4 3.1 2.8 2.6 2.8 3.6
Iowa 1.5 1.4 1.2  1.3 2.5 1.2 1.8 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.9
Vermont 1.3 1.8 1.1  1.3 2.7 1.9 1.9 1.3 2.6 2.3 2.1 1.1 1.5 2.9 2.6 1.5 1.9
New Hampshire 1.1 1.2 1.0  0.8 1 1.1 1 1.4 1.4 1.4 0.9 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.7

For 2012, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.7, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.7

For 2011, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.7, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.1

For 2010, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.6, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 2.9

For 2009, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 4.9, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 2.8

For 2008, the average Murder Rate of Death Penalty States was 5.2, while the average Murder Rate of States without the Death Penalty was 3.3

For a weighted average which takes into account the population of each state, see additional murder rate data.



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