Oregon

General Information

Death Penalty: Yes
Date of Reinstatement (following Furman v. Georgia): December 7, 1978
Location of Death Row/Executions: Oregon State Penitentiary

Capital: Salem
Population: 3,831,074
Governor: John Kitzhaber
Legislative Information: Senate
House of Representatives

LATEST NEWS AND DEVELOPMENTS IN OREGON
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2013
2012
2011

Death Sentences 1994-2012

DPIC's State Database for information on executions, death row population and other statistics in Oregon
History of the Death Penalty
Resources

Crater Lake. Photo via NSBP.


History of the Death Penalty

The death penalty was first adopted in Oregon in 1864. Hangings were carried out publicly until 1903, when the Oregon Legislature amended the law and moved executions to the Oregon State Penitentiary.

Milestones in abolition and reinstatement

Oregon abolished the death penalty in 1914 via popular vote. It was reinstated again in 1920, also by popular vote. In 1964, Oregon voters once again voted to repeal the death penalty. On Nov. 5, 1964, two days after Oregon voters abolished the death penalty for the second time, then-Gov. Mark O. Hatfield commuted the death sentences of the three inmates on death row, including the only woman ever to be sentenced to death in Oregon.

The death penalty was reinstated by popular vote in 1978.

In 1981, the Oregon Supreme Court declared the death penalty unconstitutional, but Oregon voters reinstated capital punishment in 1984.

On November 22, 2011, Governor John Kitzhaber declared a moratorium on executions, saying "I refuse to be a part of this compromised and inequitable system any longer; and I will not allow further executions while I am Governor." Both of Oregon's post-Furman executions happened during Kitzhaber's first administration as governor. Both inmates dropped their appeals and "volunteered" for execution. Of those two executions, Kitzhaber said, "I was torn between my personal convictions about the morality of capital punishment and my oath to uphold the Oregon constitution. They were the most agonizing and difficult decisions I have made as Governor and I have revisited and questioned them over and over again during the past 14 years." Read the full statement from Governor Kitzhaber.

Other interesting facts

Oregon executed two brothers (George and Charles Humphery) on the same day in 1913.


Resources

Department of Corrections

Oregonians for Alternatives to the Death Penalty

Oregon history of the death penalty

Oregon District Attorneys Association

Oregon Capital Resource Center

Public defender's office

Victims' services

 


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