Race of Death Row Inmates Executed Since 1976

National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race

Death Row Populations by Race


National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race


Execution information accurate as of September 18, 2014 following an execution in Texas
Race of Defendants Executed in the U.S. Since 1976
BLACK 480 34%
LATINO 110 8%
WHITE 775 56%
OTHER 24 2%

NOTE: The federal government counts some categories, such as Hispanics, as an ethnic group rather than a race. DPIC refers to all groups as races because the sources for much of our information use these categories.

race chart 1

Race of Victims Since 1976
BLACK 307 14.9%
LATINO 134 6.5%
WHITE 1550 76.3%
OTHER 44 2.1%


NOTE: Number of Victims refers to the victims in the underlying murder in cases where an execution has occurred since the restoration of the death penalty in 1976. There are more victims than executions because some cases involve more than one victim.

Race of Victim Figures up to 1/1/2014 from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (January 1, 2014)" in addition to DPIC data.

 

 race chart 2

"In 82% of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e., those who murdered whites were found more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks."
- United States General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing, February 1990
Persons Executed for Interracial Murders in the U.S. Since 1976

The cases represented here are cases of one defendant executed for the murder of one or more victims of one race. Cases involving multiple victims of several different races are not included here.

  White Defendant / Black Victim (31)



  Black Defendant / White Victim (289)

 

Executions for Interracial Murders

Current U.S. Death Row Population by Race
BLACK 1,284 41.61%
LATINO 388 12.66%
WHITE 1,323 43.23%
OTHER 75 2.44%

Death Row Population Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (January 1, 2014)"
race chart 3

 


Current Death Row Populations by Race
as of January 1, 2014


State Total Black White Latino Native Amer. Asian
Alabama 198 102 92 3 0 1
Arizona 124 15 78 26 3 2
Arkansas 38 24 14 0 0 0
California 742 269 257 179 12 25
Colorado 4 3 0 1 0 0
Connecticut 11 6 4 1 0 0
Delaware 18 11 4 3 0 0
Florida 410 151 222 34 1 2
Georgia 94 45 45 4 0 0
Idaho 12 0 12 0 0 0
Indiana 14 3 11 0 0 0
Kansas 10 4 6 0 0 0
Kentucky 34 5 29 0 0 0
Louisiana 88 58 26 3 0 1
Maryland 5 4 1 0 0 0
Mississippi 48 26 21 0 0 1
Missouri 48 20 28 0 0 0
Montana 2 0 2 0 0 0
Nebraska 11 2 4 5 0 0
Nevada 80 29 42 8 0 1
New Hampshire 1 1 0 0 0 0
New Mexico 2 0 2 0 0 0
North Carolina 159 82 64 4 8 1
Ohio 144 76 63 3 0 2
Oklahoma 51 21 25 3 2 0
Oregon* 35 3 27 3 1 0
Pennsylvania 193 108 67 17 0 1
South Carolina 49 27 21 1 0 0
South Dakota 3 0 3 0 0 0
Tennessee 76 34 38 1 1 2
Texas 278 115 78 81 0 4
Utah 9 1 5 2 1 0
Virginia 9 4 4 1 0 0
Washington 9 4 5 0 0 0
Wyoming 1 0 1 0 0 0
US Gov't 59 28 23 6 1 1
US Military 6 3 3 0 0 0

* One member of Death Row's race is not currently identified

(In this table, the total of inmates on death row will be slightly higher than the national total of 3,070 because some inmates were sentenced to death in more than one state and hence will be counted twice.)

Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (January 1, 2014)"