Jurisdictions with no recent executions

Although the United States is considered a death penalty country, executions are rare or non-existent in most of the nation: the majority of states--31 out of 50--have either abolished the death penalty or have not carried out an execution in at least 10 years. An additional 5 states have not had an execution in at least 5 years, for a total of 36 states with no executions in that time. Only 6 states carried out an execution in 2015, and only 3 states (TX, MO, and GA) accounted for 86% of the executions. Three additional jurisdictions (the District of Columbia, the Federal Government, and the Military) have not had an execution in at least 10 years.

The tables below list the jurisdictions with no executions in many years (updated August 18, 2016):

31 states, plus 3 jurisdictions (District of Columbia, Federal Government, and Military), with no death penalty or no executions in at least 10 years

Jurisdictions with no death penalty Last Execution
1. Alaska Before 1976
2. Connecticut (1) May 13, 2005
3. Delaware (16) April 20, 2012
4. Hawaii Before 1976
5. Illinois (12) March 17, 1999
6. Iowa Before 1976
7. Maine Before 1976
8. Maryland (5) December 5, 2005
9. Massachusetts Before 1976
10. Michigan Before 1976
11. Minnesota Before 1976
12. Nebraska (3)* December 2, 1997
13. New Jersey Before 1976
14. New Mexico (1) November 6, 2001
15. New York Before 1976
16. North Dakota Before 1976
17. Rhode Island Before 1976
18. Vermont Before 1976
19. West Virginia Before 1976
20. Wisconsin Before 1976
21. District of Columbia Before 1976
Jurisdictions with the death penalty Last Execution
22. Arkansas (27) November 28, 2005
23. California (13) January 17, 2006
24. Colorado (1) October 13, 1997
25. Kansas (0) Before 1976
26. Montana (3) August 11, 2006
27. Nevada (12) April 26, 2006
28. New Hampshire (0) Before 1976
29. North Carolina (43) August 18, 2006
30. Oregon (2) May 16, 1997
31. Pennsylvania (3) July 6, 1999
32. Wyoming (1) January 22, 1992
33. U.S. Federal Government (3) March 18, 2003
34. U.S. Military Before 1976

36 states, plus 3 jurisdictions, with no death penalty or no executions in at least 5 years

Jurisdictions with no death penalty Last Execution
1. Alaska Before 1976
2. Connecticut (1) May 13, 2005
3. Delaware (16) April 20, 2012
4. Hawaii Before 1976
5. Illinois (12) March 17, 1999
6. Iowa Before 1976
7. Maine Before 1976
8. Maryland (5) December 5, 2005
9. Massachusetts Before 1976
10. Michigan Before 1976
11. Minnesota Before 1976
12. Nebraska (3)* December 2, 1997
13. New Jersey Before 1976
14. New Mexico (1) November 6, 2001
15. New York Before 1976
16. North Dakota Before 1976
17. Rhode Island Before 1976
18. Vermont Before 1976
19. West Virginia Before 1976
20. Wisconsin Before 1976
21. District of Columbia Before 1976
Jurisdictions with the death penalty Last Execution
22. Arkansas (27) November 28, 2005
23. California (13) January 17, 2006
24. Colorado (1) October 13, 1997
25. Kansas (0) Before 1976
26. Kentucky (3) November 21, 2008
27. Louisiana (28) Jan. 7, 2010
28. Montana (3) August 11, 2006
29. Nevada (12) April 26, 2006
30. New Hampshire (0) Before 1976
31. North Carolina (43) August 18, 2006
32. Oregon (2) May 16, 1997
33. Pennsylvania (3) July 6, 1999
34. South Carolina (43) May 6, 2011
35. Utah (7) June 18, 2010
36. Washington (5) Sept. 10, 2010
37. Wyoming (1) January 22, 1992
38. U.S. Federal Government (3) March 18, 2003
39. U.S. Military (0) Before 1976

Number in parentheses indicates total executions since 1976.
*Nebraska abolished the death penalty in 2015, but the repeal was suspended pending a referendum on the death penalty in Nov. 2016.

 

(DPIC, map updated Dec. 22, 2015).  See DPIC's 2015 Year End Report.  See also Executions and Executions by County.