Race of Death Row Inmates Executed Since 1976

National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race

Death Row Populations by Race


National Statistics on the Death Penalty and Race


Execution information accurate as of April 16, 2015 following an execution in Texas.
Race of Defendants Executed in the U.S. Since 1976
BLACK 487 34.6%
LATINO 114 8.0%
WHITE 782 55.6%
OTHER 24 1.7%

NOTE: The federal government counts some categories, such as Hispanics, as an ethnic group rather than a race. DPIC refers to all groups as races because the sources for much of our information use these categories.

race chart 1

Race of Victims Since 1976
BLACK 313 15.2%
LATINO 142 6.8%
WHITE 1567 75.8%
OTHER 45 2.2%


NOTE: Number of Victims refers to the victims in the underlying murder in cases where an execution has occurred since the restoration of the death penalty in 1976. There are more victims than executions because some cases involve more than one victim.

Race of Victim Figures up to 10/1/2014 from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (October 1, 2014)" in addition to DPIC data.

 

 race chart 2

"In 82% of the studies [reviewed], race of the victim was found to influence the likelihood of being charged with capital murder or receiving the death penalty, i.e., those who murdered whites were found more likely to be sentenced to death than those who murdered blacks."
- United States General Accounting Office, Death Penalty Sentencing, February 1990
Persons Executed for Interracial Murders in the U.S. Since 1976

The cases represented here are cases of one defendant executed for the murder of one or more victims of one race. Cases involving multiple victims of several different races are not included here.

  White Defendant / Black Victim (31)



  Black Defendant / White Victim (293)

 

Executions for Interracial Murders

Current U.S. Death Row Population by Race
BLACK 1,267 41.75%
LATINO 385 12.69%
WHITE 1,305 43.00%
OTHER 78 2.54%

Death Row Population Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (October 1, 2014)"
race chart 3

 


Current Death Row Populations by Race
as of January 1, 2015


State Total Black White Latino Native Amer. Asian
Alabama 198 104 90 3 0 1
Arizona 124 16 76 27 3 2
Arkansas 34 20 14 0 0 0
California 743 269 254 182 12 26
Colorado 3 3 0 0 0 0
Connecticut 12 6 5 1 0 0
Delaware 17 10 4 3 0 0
Florida 403 152 217 31 1 2
Georgia 87 42 42 3 0 0
Idaho 11 0 11 0 0 0
Indiana 14 3 11 0 0 0
Kansas 10 4 6 0 0 0
Kentucky 35 6 29 0 0 0
Louisiana 85 56 25 3 0 1
Maryland 4 3 1 0 0 0
Mississippi 48 25 22 0 0 1
Missouri 35 13 22 0 0 0
Montana 2 0 2 0 0 0
Nebraska 11 2 4 5 0 0
Nevada 77 29 39 8 0 1
New Hampshire 1 1 0 0 0 0
New Mexico 2 0 2 0 0 0
North Carolina 158 80 64 5 8 1
Ohio 145 77 63 3 0 2
Oklahoma 49 21 23 2 3 0
Oregon* 36 3 28 3 1 0
Pennsylvania 188 102 67 17 0 2
South Carolina 45 24 20 1 0 0
South Dakota 3 0 3 0 0 0
Tennessee 73 33 36 1 1 2
Texas 276 115 77 79 0 5
Utah 9 1 5 2 1 0
Virginia 8 3 4 1 0 0
Washington 9 4 5 0 0 0
Wyoming 1 0 1 0 0 0
US Gov't 62 28 25 7 1 1
US Military 6 3 3 0 0 0

* One member of Death Row's race is not currently identified

(In this table, the total of inmates on death row will be slightly higher than the national total of 3,035 because some inmates were sentenced to death in more than one state and hence will be counted twice.)

Figures from NAACP-LDF "Death Row USA (January 1, 2015)"